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Hyaluronan-based hydrogels via ether-crosslinking: Is HA molecular weight an effective means to tune gel performance?

07:00 EST 30th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Hyaluronan-based hydrogels via ether-crosslinking: Is HA molecular weight an effective means to tune gel performance?"

Hyaluronan (HA)-based hydrogels obtained by crosslinking the biopolymer via ether bonds are widely used in clinical practice. There is interest in improving the design of these gels to match specific properties. Here, the possibility to tune HA-hydrogel behavior by adjusting the molecular weight distribution of the biopolymer undergoing crosslinking was investigated. Three HA samples (500, 1100 and 1600 kDa) underwent reaction with 1,4-butandioldiglycidyl-ether(BDDE) under reported conditions and the crosslinked products were characterized for chemical modification extent, swelling, rheological behavior, cohesivity, sensitivity to enzymatic degradation and effect on Human Dermal Fibroblasts (HDF). HA hydrolysis, under the highly alkaline crosslinking conditions, was also studied for the first time. The main achievements are that 1) varying HA chain length affects hydrogel behavior less than expected, due to the de-polymerization occurring alongside crosslinking, that reduces the differences in sample size 2) when differences in chain length persist notwithstanding hydrolysis, lowering HA size is a means to prepare more concentrated formulations, expected to exhibit longer duration and better cohesivity in vivo, while retaining a certain rigidity, preserving biocompatibility and slightly influencing HDF behavior in relation to CollagenI production. The study shed light on aspects concerning BDDE-HA gel manufacturing and contributed to the improvement of their design.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of biological macromolecules
ISSN: 1879-0003
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