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Bombyx mori cells induce antiviral responses including global protein synthesis shutdown, rRNA degradation, and apoptosis upon infection with Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV). We previously demonstrated that five and six amino acid residues located at positions between 514 and 599 of AcMNPV P143 (Ac-P143) protein are responsible for induction of apoptosis and rRNA degradation, respectively. However, it remains unexplored whether other residues of Ac-P143 protein also participate in antiviral immune responses. Here, we conducted transient expression analysis using a number of Ac-P143 protein deletion and truncation mutants and found that some of the N-terminal 413 residues (amino acids 1-413), besides previously identified residues between amino acids 514 and 599, are indispensable, whereas C-terminal 622 residues (amino acids 600-1221) are dispensable, for Ac-P143 protein to induce apoptosis or rRNA degradation. In addition, we found that the N-terminal 413 sequence (amino acids 1-413) of Ac-P143 protein can be substituted with corresponding BmNPV P143 (Bm-P143) protein sequence. Further analysis demonstrated that mutant Ac-P143 protein consisting of 275 residues (amino acids 325-599), but not 274 residues (amino acids 326-599) lacking glutamine residue at position 325 (Q325), is sufficient for triggering apoptosis and rRNA degradation of B. mori cells. These 275 residues are located outside the region of DNA helicase motifs of Ac-P143 protein, indicating that induction of apoptosis or rRNA degradation occurs independently of viral DNA replication-related function of Ac-P143 protein. Moreover, Ac-P143(325-599/Q325A) and Ac-P143(1-599/Q325A) proteins harboring Q325A substitution retain the ability to induce apoptosis and rRNA degradation in B. mori cells. These findings suggest that Ac-P143 protein needs minimal sequence length starting from Q325 residue that contains a specific effector domain to induce apoptosis and rRNA degradation.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Virus research
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