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Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is a cofactor for tyrosine hydroxylase and tryptophan hydroxylase, which are essential enzymes for the biosynthesis of dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin. It has been known that BH4 is a labile molecule and easily oxidized. As ascorbic acid (AsA) is an antioxidant that is rich in the brain, alteration in the AsA concentration in the brain may affect the proper metabolism of BH4. Here, we examined the effect of AsA deficiency on the concentration of BH4 using ODS rats, which are defective in the gene for AsA synthesis. Intake of an AsA-deficient diet for 2 weeks in ODS rats resulted in great reductions in the AsA levels up to 7% in the liver and up to 55% in the brain compared to animals fed a basal diet containing an adequate amount of AsA. The BH4 concentrations in ODS rats fed an AsA-free diet were decreased to 71% in the liver and 88% in the brain of those fed a basal diet. We found that the levels of dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin were also decreased compared with the ODS rats fed a basal diet. Our data showed that AsA deficiency can affect the BH4 concentrations in the liver and brain, resulting in decreases in the monoamine levels in the brain. These results suggest the importance of AsA in the pathophysiology of neuropsychiatric and cardiovascular disorders through alteration in the BH4 metabolism.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Neuroscience letters
Nitric oxide (NO) may protect against gas bubble formation and risk of decompression sickness. We have previously shown that the crucial co-factor tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is oxidized in a dose-depen...
We have previously shown that ascorbic acid (AsA) deficiency elevates hepatic expression of acute phase proteins (APPs), inflammatory markers, in Osteogenic Disorder Shionogi (ODS) rats, which are una...
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of acquired neurologic disability in children, particularly in those under four years old. During this period, rapid brain growth demands higher Docos...
The present work was designed to assess the modulatory effects of sesame oil (SO) and ascorbic acid (AA) on abamectin (ABM)-induced oxidative stress and altered gene expression of hepatic cytochrome P...
Ascorbic acid is a classic dietary antioxidant which plays an important role in the body of human beings. It is commonly found in various foods as well as taken as dietary supplement. The plasma ascor...
Nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase (NNT) mutations cause glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid deficiencies through decreased detoxification of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in adreno...
This is a prospective pilot study in which the effects of ascorbic acid administration are investigated in adult patients undergoing cardiac surgical procedures requiring cardiopulmonary b...
The PBD-001 study has been designed to demonstrate the safety, pharmacokinetics and preliminary efficacy of CNSA-001 in reducing blood phenylalanine concentrations in adult and adolescent ...
A Randomized controlled trial aiming to investigate whether ascorbic acid has a role in preventing vancomycin induced nephrotoxicity or not in critically ill patients.
Charcot-Marie-Tooth type IA (CMT1A) is the most prevalent hereditary peripheral neuropathy. Demyelination of peripheral nerves is the hallmark of CMT1A. Ascorbic acid has been shown to hav...
A condition due to a dietary deficiency of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), characterized by malaise, lethargy, and weakness. As the disease progresses, joints, muscles, and subcutaneous tissues may become the sites of hemorrhage. Ascorbic acid deficiency frequently develops into SCURVY in young children fed unsupplemented cow's milk exclusively during their first year. It develops also commonly in chronic alcoholism. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1177)
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of FOLIC ACID in the diet. Many plant and animal tissues contain folic acid, abundant in green leafy vegetables, yeast, liver, and mushrooms but destroyed by long-term cooking. Alcohol interferes with its intermediate metabolism and absorption. Folic acid deficiency may develop in long-term anticonvulsant therapy or with use of oral contraceptives. This deficiency causes anemia, macrocytic anemia, and megaloblastic anemia. It is indistinguishable from vitamin B 12 deficiency in peripheral blood and bone marrow findings, but the neurologic lesions seen in B 12 deficiency do not occur. (Merck Manual, 16th ed)
An inhibitor of glutamate decarboxylase. It decreases the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID concentration in the brain, thereby causing convulsions.
A hydroxylated form of the imino acid proline. A deficiency in ASCORBIC ACID can result in impaired hydroxyproline formation.
A six carbon compound related to glucose. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diets, and necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. Its biologically active form, vitamin C, functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...