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Deficiency of ascorbic acid decreases the contents of tetrahydrobiopterin in the liver and the brain of ODS rats.

07:00 EST 30th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Deficiency of ascorbic acid decreases the contents of tetrahydrobiopterin in the liver and the brain of ODS rats."

Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is a cofactor for tyrosine hydroxylase and tryptophan hydroxylase, which are essential enzymes for the biosynthesis of dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin. It has been known that BH4 is a labile molecule and easily oxidized. As ascorbic acid (AsA) is an antioxidant that is rich in the brain, alteration in the AsA concentration in the brain may affect the proper metabolism of BH4. Here, we examined the effect of AsA deficiency on the concentration of BH4 using ODS rats, which are defective in the gene for AsA synthesis. Intake of an AsA-deficient diet for 2 weeks in ODS rats resulted in great reductions in the AsA levels up to 7% in the liver and up to 55% in the brain compared to animals fed a basal diet containing an adequate amount of AsA. The BH4 concentrations in ODS rats fed an AsA-free diet were decreased to 71% in the liver and 88% in the brain of those fed a basal diet. We found that the levels of dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin were also decreased compared with the ODS rats fed a basal diet. Our data showed that AsA deficiency can affect the BH4 concentrations in the liver and brain, resulting in decreases in the monoamine levels in the brain. These results suggest the importance of AsA in the pathophysiology of neuropsychiatric and cardiovascular disorders through alteration in the BH4 metabolism.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Neuroscience letters
ISSN: 1872-7972
Pages: 134656

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A condition due to a dietary deficiency of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), characterized by malaise, lethargy, and weakness. As the disease progresses, joints, muscles, and subcutaneous tissues may become the sites of hemorrhage. Ascorbic acid deficiency frequently develops into SCURVY in young children fed unsupplemented cow's milk exclusively during their first year. It develops also commonly in chronic alcoholism. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1177)

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of FOLIC ACID in the diet. Many plant and animal tissues contain folic acid, abundant in green leafy vegetables, yeast, liver, and mushrooms but destroyed by long-term cooking. Alcohol interferes with its intermediate metabolism and absorption. Folic acid deficiency may develop in long-term anticonvulsant therapy or with use of oral contraceptives. This deficiency causes anemia, macrocytic anemia, and megaloblastic anemia. It is indistinguishable from vitamin B 12 deficiency in peripheral blood and bone marrow findings, but the neurologic lesions seen in B 12 deficiency do not occur. (Merck Manual, 16th ed)

An inhibitor of glutamate decarboxylase. It decreases the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID concentration in the brain, thereby causing convulsions.

A hydroxylated form of the imino acid proline. A deficiency in ASCORBIC ACID can result in impaired hydroxyproline formation.

A six carbon compound related to glucose. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diets, and necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. Its biologically active form, vitamin C, functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant.

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