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Lipopolysaccharide exposure modulates the contractile and migratory phenotypes of vascular smooth muscle cells.

07:00 EST 30th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Lipopolysaccharide exposure modulates the contractile and migratory phenotypes of vascular smooth muscle cells."

Sepsis survivors are at higher risk for cardiovascular events. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) activates Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in sepsis. Activation of TLR4 modulates vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) phenotype and contributes to cardiovascular changes after sepsis.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Life sciences
ISSN: 1879-0631
Pages: 117098

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A membrane glycoprotein and ANGIOGENESIS FACTOR that is expressed by cells of the VASCULAR ENDOTHELIUM; VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE; and MONOCYTES. It functions as a co-receptor for TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR BETA and modulates CELL ADHESION. Mutations in the endoglin gene are associated with cases of HEREDITARY HEMORRHAGIC TELANGIECTASIA.

An ergot alkaloid (ERGOT ALKALOIDS) with uterine and VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE contractile properties.

Smooth muscle-like cells adhering to the wall of the small blood vessels of the KIDNEY at the glomerulus and along the vascular pole of the glomerulus in the JUXTAGLOMERULAR APPARATUS. They are myofibroblasts with contractile and phagocytic properties. These cells and their MESANGIAL EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX constitute the GLOMERULAR MESANGIUM.

Hypersensitivity reactions which occur within minutes of exposure to challenging antigen due to the release of histamine which follows the antigen-antibody reaction and causes smooth muscle contraction and increased vascular permeability.

A specific subtype of muscarinic receptor found in the lower BRAIN, the HEART and in SMOOTH MUSCLE-containing organs. Although present in smooth muscle the M2 muscarinic receptor appears not to be involved in contractile responses.

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