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Name: Current biology : CB
Rooting cells and pollen tubes-key adaptative innovations that evolved during the colonization and subsequent radiation of plants on land-expand by tip growth. Tip growth relies on a tight coordinatio...
Protein kinases are essential mediators of cellular signal transduction and are often dysregulated in disease. Among these, protein tyrosine kinase signaling has received specific interest due to thei...
Liver cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in particular, is one of the deadliest cancers worldwide. Although the etiologies for liver oncogenesis are relatively well defined, the exact mechanisms l...
Considering the short life-cycle property, Caenorhabditis elegans is a suitable animal model to evaluate the long-term effects of microgravity stress on organisms. Canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling i...
Hedgehog (Hh) signaling culminates in the conversion of the latent transcription factor Cubitus interruptus (Ci)/Gli into its activator form (Ci/Gli), but the underlying mechanism remains poorly under...
Sydenham's chorea (SC) is a post-streptococcal, neuropsychiatric disorder associated with anti-neuronal antibodies. The investigators demonstrated elevated anti-D1-receptor (D1R) and anti-...
The central premise of our program is that durable control of HIV in the absence of antiretroviral therapy ("remission") will require the generation of de novo potent and sustained HIV-spe...
The target of rapamycin complex 2 (TORC2) is an evolutionarily conserved serine/threonine protein kinase that controls growth and metabolism. In mammals (including humans), mammalian TOR c...
Background:Altered Toll-like receptor (TLR) expression levels and/or mutations in its signaling pathway (such as MyD88 mutation) contribute to the pathogenesis of lymphoproliferative disor...
Anlotinib hydrochloride is a multi-targeted receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor that targets angiogenesis-related kinases such as VEGFR1/2/3, FGFR1/2/3, and other tumor-associated kinases i...
A family of intracellular signaling kinases that were identified by their ability to signal from the activated INTERLEUKIN-1 RECEPTORS. Signaling from these kinases involves their interaction with SIGNAL TRANSDUCING ADAPTOR PROTEINS such as MYELOID DIFFERENTIATION FACTOR 88 and TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTOR 6.
An SHC-signaling adaptor protein that transduces PHOSPHOTYROSINE-dependent signals downstream of RECEPTOR PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASES and non-receptor tyrosine kinases. It is required for TGF-BETA-induced CELL MIGRATION; NEOLPASM INVASION; and METASTASIS of BREAST NEOPLASMS; its SH2 DOMAIN is essential for tumor survival. It also functions in signaling downstream of ANGIOPOIETIN RECEPTOR TIE-2, regulating the migration of ENDOTHELIAL CELLS; and PHYSIOLOGIC NEOVASCULARIZATION.
A highly evolutionarily conserved subunit of the anaphase-promoting complex (APC-C) containing multiple 34-amino-acid tetratricopeptide repeats. These domains, also found in Apc subunits 6, 7, and 8, have been shown to mediate protein-protein interactions, suggesting that Apc3 may assist in coordinating the juxtaposition of the catalytic and substrate recognition module subunits relative to co-activators and APC-C inhibitors.
A suppressor of cytokine signaling protein that consists of an N-terminal kinase-inhibitory region, a central SH2 DOMAIN, a characteristic C-terminal SOCS box (a 40-amino acid motif, which functions to recruit E3 UBIQUITIN-PROTEIN LIGASE COMPLEXES). SOCS3 inhibits cytokine signaling by binding to RECEPTOR PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASES as well as CYTOKINE RECEPTOR GP130; ERYTHROPOIETIN RECEPTORS; INSULIN RECEPTOR; and the LEPTIN RECEPTOR. Its functions include suppression of ERYTHROPOIESIS in the fetal liver.
A family of serine-threonine kinases that plays a role in intracellular signal transduction by interacting with a variety of signaling adaptor proteins such as CRADD SIGNALING ADAPTOR PROTEIN; TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTOR 2; and TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED DEATH DOMAIN PROTEIN. Although they were initially described as death domain-binding adaptor proteins, members of this family may contain other protein-binding domains such as those involving caspase activation and recruitment.