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Dopamine, a neurotransmitter with 5 receptor subtypes, is critical to the dependence-forming properties of drugs of abuse. The role of the dopamine D receptor subtype in substance use disorders has remained somewhat elusive but the recent development of selective ligands holds promise for future investigations of this receptor subtype in substance use disorders, including alcohol use disorder. The purpose of the present study was to further elucidate the effects of a selective antagonist (L-745,870) and agonist (PD 168,077) on alcohol self-administration and reinstatement induced either by cues or stress. It was found that the D antagonist, but not agonist, reduced alcohol intake at the highest doses. Further, the D antagonist reduced stress-induced reinstatement, with no effects on cue-induced reinstatement; the agonist was without effect on either form of reinstatement. The dopamine D receptor antagonist was without effect on food reinforcement. This work deepens existing lines of evidence that the dopamine D receptor is involved in substance use disorders and suggests that dopamine D receptor blockade diminishes motivation for alcohol-taking without influencing natural food rewards. Furthermore, there appears to be a plausible effect of dopamine D receptor blockade interfering with stress- but not cue-induced alcohol-seeking.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: European journal of pharmacology
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Drugs that bind to but do not activate DOPAMINE RECEPTORS, thereby blocking the actions of dopamine or exogenous agonists. Many drugs used in the treatment of psychotic disorders (ANTIPSYCHOTIC AGENTS) are dopamine antagonists, although their therapeutic effects may be due to long-term adjustments of the brain rather than to the acute effects of blocking dopamine receptors. Dopamine antagonists have been used for several other clinical purposes including as ANTIEMETICS, in the treatment of Tourette syndrome, and for hiccup. Dopamine receptor blockade is associated with NEUROLEPTIC MALIGNANT SYNDROME.
A subfamily of G-PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTORS that bind the neurotransmitter DOPAMINE and modulate its effects. D2-class receptor genes contain INTRONS, and the receptors inhibit ADENYLATE CYCLASE.
Any drugs that are used for their effects on dopamine receptors, on the life cycle of dopamine, or on the survival of dopaminergic neurons.
A subfamily of G-PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTORS that bind the neurotransmitter DOPAMINE and modulate its effects. D1-class receptor genes lack INTRONS, and the receptors stimulate ADENYLATE CYCLASE.
A dibenzothiazepine and ANTIPSYCHOTIC AGENT that targets the SEROTONIN 5-HT2 RECEPTOR; HISTAMINE H1 RECEPTOR, adrenergic alpha1 and alpha2 receptors, as well as the DOPAMINE D1 RECEPTOR and DOPAMINE D2 RECEPTOR. It is used in the treatment of SCHIZOPHRENIA; BIPOLAR DISORDER and DEPRESSIVE DISORDER.
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Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...