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This work examines the mechanics of the circumferentially prestressed N-layer artery, subject to axial tethering force and the internal pressure of blood, focusing on the uniform stretch state, the uniform circumferential stress states and the transitional states between them. Under increasing pressure the i layer is shown to experience five distinct stages, two of which are the uniform stretch state and the uniform circumferential stress state. For arbitrary strain energy density, simple analytical expressions are presented for the stress distributions and the internal pressure at these specialized states. For the 1-layer, uniform tubular model of an artery without axial tethering force, the results coincide with those of Destrade et al. (Destrade et al., 2012). For the 2-layer composite tube, which models the mechanically significant medial and adventitial layers of large elastic arteries, numerical solutions are obtained employing two microstructurally based constitutive models for medial and adventitial arterial tissues, respectively. These results indicate that the uniform stretch state, the uniform circumferential stress state of the medial layer, and the uniform circumferential stress state of the adventitial layer occur at the diastolic blood pressure, the mean blood pressure, and the systolic blood pressure, respectively.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of theoretical biology
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