Topics

Molecular Epidemiology and Resistance Profile of and Strains Isolated from Different Sources in Brazil.

07:00 EST 2nd December 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Molecular Epidemiology and Resistance Profile of and Strains Isolated from Different Sources in Brazil."

The objectives of this study were to genotype a total of 48 and 39 strains isolated in Brazil from 1995 to 2016 by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and to determine their resistance profile. The presence or points of mutation in the related resistance genes was verified. By MLST, strains were typed into 36 STs and strains were typed into 27 STs. A total of 70.8% of and 35.9% of were resistant to at least one antimicrobial tested. The gene was detected in 43.7% and in 12.8% . The gene was not detected and one presented the mutation in the 23S rRNA gene. Besides, 58.3% presented the substitution T86I in the quinolone resistance-determining region of and 15.4% presented the substitution T38I. The gene was detected in 97.9% and in 97.4% . The presence of and resistant to some antimicrobial agents of clinical use is of public health concern. The presence of STs shared between Brazilian strains and isolates of different countries is of concern since it might suggest a possible spread of these shared types.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Microbial drug resistance (Larchmont, N.Y.)
ISSN: 1931-8448
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [21854 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Azithromycin non-susceptible Shigella circulating in Israel, 2014-2016.

Shigella species remains a major diarrhoeagenic agent, affecting mostly children, with global high incidence and high mortality rate specially in developing areas. Although azithromycin is recommended...

Antibiogram, virulotyping and genetic diversity of Escherichia coli and Salmonella serovars isolated from diarrheic calves and calf handlers.

Antimicrobial resistance profile of E. coli and Salmonella serovars isolated from diarrheic calves and handlers in Egypt is unknown due to the absence of monitoring. Therefore, this study aimed to det...

Relationship between quinolone use and resistance of Staphylococcus epidermidis in patients with acne vulgaris.

Staphylococcus epidermidis is a bacterium known to inhabit the skin. In treatment of acne vulgaris, the cutaneous milieu is exposed to oral or topical antimicrobials. We previously reported that the a...

Molecular analysis of PmrA and PmrB genes in colistin-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains via PCR method.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the most common pathogens in hospitals. Along with the advent of various drug resistance patterns, rising resistance to colistin, the last alternative against this bac...

Enterotoxin Gene Profile and Molecular Epidemiology of Aeromonas Species from Fish and Diverse Water Sources.

This investigation was undertaken to study the prevalence, enterotoxin gene profile and molecular epidemiology of Aeromonads from various sources of water (182) and fish (173).

Clinical Trials [8021 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Antibiotic Resistance in Global Pediatric Oncology Centers

Antibiotic resistance is one of the major health threats facing global as well as domestic populations, however it is not well characterized in pediatric patients. Pediatric patients recei...

Mechanisms of Resistance and Molecular Epidemiology of Commonly Encountered Multi-Resistant Bacteria

o determine if extended-spectrum beta-lactamases, plasmid-mediated AmpC beta-lactamases, carbapenemases, chromosomal mutations in ribosomal RNA or other mechanisms of resistance account fo...

Surveillance of Azole Resistance in Aspergillus Isolates in Taiwan

Primary objectives: 1. To investigate the prevalence of azole resistance in Aspergillus clinical isolates collected in participating hospitals in Taiwan 2. To investigate ...

Infections Caused by ESbL-Producing Enterobacteriaceae in Italy

To assess the molecular epidemiology, clinical impact, treatment outcome and risk factors for infections caused by Enterobacteriaceae producing ESBLs in Italy in a large multicenter observ...

Detection of Colistin-resistant Isolates From Patients of Intensive Care Units and Oncohaematology Wards.

The increasing use of colistin in multidrug resistant strains, as Enterobacteriaceae producing extended-spectrum β-lactamases or carbapenemases, is associated with the emergence of colist...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.

A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus PSEUDOMONAS. All strains can utilize FRUCTOSE for energy. It is occasionally isolated from humans and some strains are pathogenic to WATERMELON.

Strains of Neisseria meningitidis which are the most common ones causing infections or disease in infants. Serogroup B strains are isolated most frequently in sporadic cases, and are less common in outbreaks and epidemics.

A group of fatty acids, often of marine origin, which have the first unsaturated bond in the third position from the omega carbon. These fatty acids are believed to reduce serum triglycerides, prevent insulin resistance, improve lipid profile, prolong bleeding times, reduce platelet counts, and decrease platelet adhesiveness.

A class of opioid receptors recognized by its pharmacological profile. Mu opioid receptors bind, in decreasing order of affinity, endorphins, dynorphins, met-enkephalin, and leu-enkephalin. They have also been shown to be molecular receptors for morphine.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Bioinformatics
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...

Public Health
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...


Searches Linking to this Article