Ocular intracameral pharmacokinetics for a cocktail of timolol, betaxolol and atenolol in rabbits.

07:00 EST 3rd December 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Ocular intracameral pharmacokinetics for a cocktail of timolol, betaxolol and atenolol in rabbits."

The mechanisms of drug clearance from the aqueous humor are poorly defined. In this study, a cocktail approach was used to simultaneously determine the pharmacokinetics of three beta blocker agents after intracameral (i.c.) injection into the rabbit eyes. Aqueous humor samples were collected and analyzed using LC-MS/MS to determine drug concentrations. Pharmacokinetic parameters were obtained using a compartmental fitting approach and the estimated clearance, volume of distribution and half-life values were: atenolol (6.44 µL/min, 687µL and 73.87 min), timolol (19.30 µL/min, 937 µL and 33.64 min) and betaxolol (32.20 µL/min, 1421 µL and 30.58 min). Increased compound lipophilicity (atenolol < timolol < betaxolol) resulted in higher clearance and volume of distributions in the aqueous humor. Clearance of timolol and betaxolol is about ten times higher than the aqueous humor outflow, demonstrating the importance of other elimination routes (e.g. uptake to iris and ciliary body, and subsequent elimination via blood flow).


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Molecular pharmaceutics
ISSN: 1543-8392


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