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To compare alternative methods of adjusting self-reported knowledge of HIV-positive status and antiretroviral (ARV) therapy use based on undetectable viral load (UVL) and ARV detection in blood.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: AIDS (London, England)
For HIV-positive individuals on antiretroviral therapy (ART), the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends routine viral load (VL) monitoring. We report on the cascade of care in individuals with un...
In a Policy Forum, Peter Ehrenkranz and colleagues discuss the contribution of CD4 and viral load testing to outcomes for people with HIV in low- and middle-income countries.
After scaleup of antiretroviral therapy (ART), routine annual viral load monitoring has been adopted by most countries, but reduced frequency of viral load monitoring may offer cost savings in resourc...
HIV viral load testing is the standard of care for monitoring antiretroviral therapy. In resource-limited settings such as Kenya, access to HIV viral load monitoring is suboptimal due to reliance on c...
Routine cesarean delivery has been shown to decrease mother-to-child-transmission of HIV in women with high viral load greater than 1,000 copies/mL; however, women presenting late in pregnancy may not...
The purpose of this study is to look at the effects of the HIV vaccine Remune on viral load (level of HIV in the blood) and on the way the immune system responds to HIV. This study will al...
The purpose of this study is to see how HIV-positive patients who are taking anti-HIV drugs and have a viral load (level of HIV in the blood) of 1,500 copies/ml or more respond to GM-CSF (...
Background: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is usually observed among patients with HIV infection. No study to date has investigated the impact of CMV infection on HIV viral load decay dur...
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has become the leading fatal infectious disease in the United States. Approximately 75% of individuals who have been infected with HCV are chronically inf...
This study aims to determine: a) whether those patients with 'low level' viral load results (between 200 and 3,000 copies/ml) could be monitored as opposed to starting preemptive therapy w...
The quantity of measurable virus in a body fluid. Change in viral load, measured in plasma, is sometimes used as a SURROGATE MARKER in disease progression.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Non-therapeutic positive end-expiratory pressure occurring frequently in patients with severe airway obstruction. It can appear with or without the administration of external positive end-expiratory pressure (POSITIVE-PRESSURE RESPIRATION). It presents an important load on the inspiratory muscles which are operating at a mechanical disadvantage due to hyperinflation. Auto-PEEP may cause profound hypotension that should be treated by intravascular volume expansion, increasing the time for expiration, and/or changing from assist mode to intermittent mandatory ventilation mode. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1127)
Proteins encoded by adenoviruses that are synthesized prior to, and in the absence of, viral DNA replication. The proteins are involved in both positive and negative regulation of expression in viral and cellular genes, and also affect the stability of viral mRNA. Some are also involved in oncogenic transformation.
The continuous, long-term suppression of VIRAL LOAD, generally to undetectable levels, as the result of treatment with ANTIVIRAL AGENTS.
AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...
Reverse transcriptase (RT) is an enzyme used to generate complementary DNA (cDNA) from an RNA template, a process termed reverse transcription. It is mainly associated with retroviruses. RT inhibitors are widely used as antiretroviral drugs. RT activitie...