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Approach to Muscle and Neuromuscular Junction Disorders.

07:00 EST 1st December 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Approach to Muscle and Neuromuscular Junction Disorders."

Muscle and neuromuscular junction disorders are a diverse group of disorders that can be difficult to diagnose. This article provides a diagnostic approach based on clinical history and neurologic examination leading to a narrow set of diagnostic tests.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Continuum (Minneapolis, Minn.)
ISSN: 1538-6899
Pages: 1536-1563

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by a congenital defect in neuromuscular transmission at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION. This includes presynaptic, synaptic, and postsynaptic disorders (that are not of autoimmune origin). The majority of these diseases are caused by mutations of various subunits of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (RECEPTORS, NICOTINIC) on the postsynaptic surface of the junction. (From Arch Neurol 1999 Feb;56(2):163-7)

Signs and symptoms associated with diseases of the muscle, neuromuscular junction, or peripheral nerves.

Drugs that interrupt transmission at the skeletal neuromuscular junction without causing depolarization of the motor end plate. They prevent acetylcholine from triggering muscle contraction and are used as muscle relaxants during electroshock treatments, in convulsive states, and as anesthesia adjuvants.

Conditions characterized by impaired transmission of impulses at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION. This may result from disorders that affect receptor function, pre- or postsynaptic membrane function, or ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE activity. The majority of diseases in this category are associated with autoimmune, toxic, or inherited conditions.

Drugs that interrupt transmission of nerve impulses at the skeletal neuromuscular junction. They can be of two types, competitive, stabilizing blockers (NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS) or noncompetitive, depolarizing agents (NEUROMUSCULAR DEPOLARIZING AGENTS). Both prevent acetylcholine from triggering the muscle contraction and they are used as anesthesia adjuvants, as relaxants during electroshock, in convulsive states, etc.

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