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The past years have witnessed a revival of neural network and learning strategies. These models configure multiple hidden layers hierarchically and require large amounts of labeled samples to estimate the model parameters. It is yet difficult to be met for target recognition under the realistic environments. For either space borne or airborne radars, collecting multiple samples with label information is very expensive and difficult. In addition, the huge computational cost and poor speed of convergence limit the practical applications. To address the problems, this article presents a new thought of receptive, under which a special hierarchy of feedforward neural network has been built. The proposed strategy consists of two sequential modules: 1) feature generation and 2) feature refinement. We first build pairwise baseline signals by means of the Riesz transform along the range and the azimuth, and extend them to a family of receptive signals using the bandpass filter bank. The input SAR image is then generally convoluted with the set of receptive signals to extract the global features. Certain kinds of information can be then exploited. We make the receptive signals predefined, rather than learned automatically, to handle the environment of a small sample size. In addition, the expert knowledge can be transmitted into the neural network. The resulting features are further refined by a special unit, wherein the input neurons and the latent states are bridged by the weights and the bias randomly generated. They are fixed during the training process. On the other hand, we cast the latent state into the Hilbert space, forming the kernel version of refinement. We aim to achieve the comparable or even better performance yet with limited training resources.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: IEEE transactions on cybernetics
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A multi- and interdisciplinary field concerned with improving health and achieving equity in health for all people. It transcends national boundaries, promotes cooperation and collaboration within and beyond health science fields, and combines population-based disease prevention with individually-based patient care.
An early embryonic developmental process of CHORDATES that is characterized by morphogenic movements of ECTODERM resulting in the formation of the NEURAL PLATE; the NEURAL CREST; and the NEURAL TUBE. Improper closure of the NEURAL GROOVE results in congenital NEURAL TUBE DEFECTS.
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The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.