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Generalized Separable Nonnegative Matrix Factorization.

07:00 EST 26th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Generalized Separable Nonnegative Matrix Factorization."

Nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) is a linear dimensionality technique for nonnegative data with applications such as image analysis, text mining, audio source separation and hyperspectral unmixing. Given a data matrix M and a factorization rank r, NMF looks for a nonnegative matrix W with r columns and a nonnegative matrix H with r rows such that M ≈ WH. NMF is NP-hard to solve in general. However, it can be computed efficiently under the separability assumption which requires that the basis vectors appear as data points, that is, that there exists an index set K such that W = M(:;K). In this paper, we generalize the separability assumption: We only require that for each rank-one factor W(:; k)H(k; :) for k = 1; 2…, r, either W(:; k) = M(:; j) for some j or H(k; :) = M(i; :) for some i. We refer to the corresponding problem as generalized separable NMF (GS-NMF). We discuss some properties of GS-NMF and propose a convex optimization model which we solve using a fast gradient method. We also propose a heuristic algorithm inspired by the successive projection algorithm. To verify the effectiveness of our methods, we compare them with several state-of-the-art separable NMF and standard NMF algorithms on synthetic, document and image data sets.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: IEEE transactions on pattern analysis and machine intelligence
ISSN: 1939-3539
Pages:

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