Topics

Psychological factors and risk of mortality after spinal cord injury.

07:00 EST 3rd December 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Psychological factors and risk of mortality after spinal cord injury."

Identify the association of personality and purpose in life with competing risks of multiple causes of death after spinal cord injury (SCI), using data from the SCI Longitudinal Health Study. Prospective cohort study with data collected in 1997-1998 and 2007-2009. Mortality status determined as of December 31, 2016. Specialty hospital in the Southeastern United States. 3070 adults with chronic (>1-year), traumatic SCI. N/A. We examined 6 psychological factors (Purpose in Life and 5 scales of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire) and risk of mortality due to 6 specific causes of death, building on published analyses of behavioral and health/clinical risk and protective factors. There were 803 deaths. Four of the 6 psychological factors were predictive of all-cause mortality. All except 1 personality scale were related to cause-specific mortality. Psychological factors were most predictive of unintentional injury deaths. Purpose in life was protective of death due to pneumonia; whereas, Activity was protective of death due to diseases of heart and blood vessels and to unintentional injury. Sociability, Impulsive-Sensation Seeking, and Neuroticism-Anxiety were risk factors for death due to unintentional injury. Neuroticism-Anxiety was related to death due to septicemia. There were no significant psychological predictors of cancer. Rehabilitation professionals have a central role in promoting purpose in life as a means of increasing longevity. By assessing personality factors predictive of specific causes of mortality, those at risk may be targeted for .

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The journal of spinal cord medicine
ISSN: 2045-7723
Pages: 1-9

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [30255 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Spasticity and pain after spinal cord injury: Impact on daily life and the influence of psychological factors.

Spasticity and pain frequently co-occur in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI), yet, how these sequelae interact in daily life is unclear. Additionally, little is known about how psychological facto...

Profiles of psychological adaptation outcomes at discharge from spinal cord injury inpatient rehabilitation.

To evaluate the impact of a newly acquired Spinal Cord Injury by identifying profiles of psychological adaptation outcomes at discharge from inpatient rehabilitation, using several outcome measures in...

International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury: factors influencing the frequency, completion and accuracy of documentation of neurology for patients with traumatic spinal cord injuries.

We aim to evaluate the effects of injury-related factors and clinician training grades on the frequency, completion and accuracy of International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Co...

Clinical Characteristics and Challenges of Management of Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury in a Trauma Center of a Developing Country.

 Traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) is a major burden in trauma care worldwide. Most victims are young, and the injury results in economic loss and psychological and social burden on the individual...

Multicenter study of 37 pediatric patients with SCIWORA or other spinal cord injury without associated bone lesion.

Pure traumatic spinal cord injury (without associated bone lesion) are encountered in pediatric accidentology, the most typical being spinal cord injury without radiological abnormality (SCIWORA). The...

Clinical Trials [18244 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Swedish Spinal Cord Injury Study on Cardiopulmonary and Autonomic Impairment

The main aim of this study is to gain an in-depth knowledge of cardiopulmonary and autonomic health consequences, and related risk factors among people with long-term high-level spinal cor...

Dietary Patterns and Cardiovascular (CVD) Risk in Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Factors In Individuals With Chronic Spinal Cord Injury

This study will look at dietary patterns in individuals with chronic spinal cord injuries and the relationship between these dietary patterns and cardiovascular disease risk factors. The s...

Promoting the Psychological Health of Women With SCI: A Virtual World Intervention

The purpose of this project is to test the efficacy of an internet-based psychological health enhancement program for women with spinal cord injury. The intervention will occur in Second L...

Injured Spinal Cord Pressure Evaluation

About a thousand people a year in the United Kingdom survive a spinal cord injury but are left paralysed or wheelchair-bound. The annual cost of care for spinal cord injury victims is more...

Intrathecal Transplantation of UC-MSC in Patients With Sub-Acute Spinal Cord Injury

This study aim to evaluate the safety and efficacy of intrathecal transplantation of allogeneic umbilical cord derived mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSC) for treatment of different phrases of...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Repair of the damaged neuron function after SPINAL CORD INJURY or SPINAL CORD DISEASES.

A syndrome associated with traumatic injury to the cervical or upper thoracic regions of the spinal cord characterized by weakness in the arms with relative sparing of the legs and variable sensory loss. This condition is associated with ischemia, hemorrhage, or necrosis involving the central portions of the spinal cord. Corticospinal fibers destined for the legs are spared due to their more external location in the spinal cord. This clinical pattern may emerge during recovery from spinal shock. Deficits may be transient or permanent.

Pathologic conditions which feature SPINAL CORD damage or dysfunction, including disorders involving the meninges and perimeningeal spaces surrounding the spinal cord. Traumatic injuries, vascular diseases, infections, and inflammatory/autoimmune processes may affect the spinal cord.

Reduced blood flow to the spinal cord which is supplied by the anterior spinal artery and the paired posterior spinal arteries. This condition may be associated with ARTERIOSCLEROSIS, trauma, emboli, diseases of the aorta, and other disorders. Prolonged ischemia may lead to INFARCTION of spinal cord tissue.

Ischemia or infarction of the spinal cord in the distribution of the anterior spinal artery, which supplies the ventral two-thirds of the spinal cord. This condition is usually associated with ATHEROSCLEROSIS of the aorta and may result from dissection of an AORTIC ANEURYSM or rarely dissection of the anterior spinal artery. Clinical features include weakness and loss of pain and temperature sensation below the level of injury, with relative sparing of position and vibratory sensation. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1249-50)

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Spinal Cord Disorders
The spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that runs down the middle of the back which carry signals back and forth between the body and brain. It is protected by vertebrae, which are the bone disks that make up the spine. An accident that damages the verte...

Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety is caused by stress. It is a natural reaction, and is beneficial in helping us deal with tense situations and pressure. It is deterimental when is becomes an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations. The most common types of anxiety di...

Pulmonary
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza,  Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...


Searches Linking to this Article