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Identify the association of personality and purpose in life with competing risks of multiple causes of death after spinal cord injury (SCI), using data from the SCI Longitudinal Health Study. Prospective cohort study with data collected in 1997-1998 and 2007-2009. Mortality status determined as of December 31, 2016. Specialty hospital in the Southeastern United States. 3070 adults with chronic (>1-year), traumatic SCI. N/A. We examined 6 psychological factors (Purpose in Life and 5 scales of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire) and risk of mortality due to 6 specific causes of death, building on published analyses of behavioral and health/clinical risk and protective factors. There were 803 deaths. Four of the 6 psychological factors were predictive of all-cause mortality. All except 1 personality scale were related to cause-specific mortality. Psychological factors were most predictive of unintentional injury deaths. Purpose in life was protective of death due to pneumonia; whereas, Activity was protective of death due to diseases of heart and blood vessels and to unintentional injury. Sociability, Impulsive-Sensation Seeking, and Neuroticism-Anxiety were risk factors for death due to unintentional injury. Neuroticism-Anxiety was related to death due to septicemia. There were no significant psychological predictors of cancer. Rehabilitation professionals have a central role in promoting purpose in life as a means of increasing longevity. By assessing personality factors predictive of specific causes of mortality, those at risk may be targeted for .
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The journal of spinal cord medicine
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Repair of the damaged neuron function after SPINAL CORD INJURY or SPINAL CORD DISEASES.
A syndrome associated with traumatic injury to the cervical or upper thoracic regions of the spinal cord characterized by weakness in the arms with relative sparing of the legs and variable sensory loss. This condition is associated with ischemia, hemorrhage, or necrosis involving the central portions of the spinal cord. Corticospinal fibers destined for the legs are spared due to their more external location in the spinal cord. This clinical pattern may emerge during recovery from spinal shock. Deficits may be transient or permanent.
Pathologic conditions which feature SPINAL CORD damage or dysfunction, including disorders involving the meninges and perimeningeal spaces surrounding the spinal cord. Traumatic injuries, vascular diseases, infections, and inflammatory/autoimmune processes may affect the spinal cord.
Reduced blood flow to the spinal cord which is supplied by the anterior spinal artery and the paired posterior spinal arteries. This condition may be associated with ARTERIOSCLEROSIS, trauma, emboli, diseases of the aorta, and other disorders. Prolonged ischemia may lead to INFARCTION of spinal cord tissue.
Ischemia or infarction of the spinal cord in the distribution of the anterior spinal artery, which supplies the ventral two-thirds of the spinal cord. This condition is usually associated with ATHEROSCLEROSIS of the aorta and may result from dissection of an AORTIC ANEURYSM or rarely dissection of the anterior spinal artery. Clinical features include weakness and loss of pain and temperature sensation below the level of injury, with relative sparing of position and vibratory sensation. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1249-50)
Spinal Cord Disorders
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