Laparoscopic Posterior Pelvic Exenteration (Complete and Supralevator) for Locally Advanced Adenocarcinoma of the Rectum in Females: Surgical Technique and Short-Term Outcomes.

07:00 EST 27th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Laparoscopic Posterior Pelvic Exenteration (Complete and Supralevator) for Locally Advanced Adenocarcinoma of the Rectum in Females: Surgical Technique and Short-Term Outcomes."

Laparoscopic posterior exenteration (total and supralevator) is a complex and rarely done procedure. In this study we describe the surgical technique and short-term perioperative outcomes in 7 female patients of locally advanced carcinoma rectum operated with laparoscopic pelvic exenteration. We report 7 cases of carcinoma rectum involving either posterior wall of the uterus or vagina, which were operated with a laparoscopic procedure. All perioperative and intraoperative data were collected retrospectively from prospectively maintained electronic data. Nine female patients with the diagnosis of nonmetastatic locally advanced lower rectal adenocarcinoma were selected. In MRI 4 patients had uterus-cervix involvement and 3 patients had a posterior vaginal wall and anal sphincter involvement. Four patients were operated with laparoscopic supralevator posterior exenteration and 3 patients were operated with laparoscopic complete posterior exenteration. Three patients underwent vaginal reconstruction, which was done with bilateral V-Y plasty. All 7 patients received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACTRT), 3 patients also received additional chemotherapy (CAPOX regimen) due to poor response to NACTRT. Mean body mass index (BMI) was 23.85 (range 19-27.20). Mean duration for complete posterior exenteration was 9.63 hours (range 7-12 hours). Mean duration for supralevator posterior exenteration was 6.81 hours (range 6.25-7.5 hours). The mean postoperative stay was 10.71 days (range 7-16 days). Mean blood loss was 700 mL (range 200-1800 mL). On postoperative histopathology, all margins were free of tumor in all cases. Laparoscopic approach for locally advanced carcinoma rectum in female patients is feasible with less morbidity and safe short-term oncological outcomes. Careful selection of patients based on MRI is a must before undertaking the minimally invasive surgery approach. Long-term outcomes are still unknown and will require long-term follow-up.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A
ISSN: 1557-9034


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