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Laparoscopic posterior exenteration (total and supralevator) is a complex and rarely done procedure. In this study we describe the surgical technique and short-term perioperative outcomes in 7 female patients of locally advanced carcinoma rectum operated with laparoscopic pelvic exenteration. We report 7 cases of carcinoma rectum involving either posterior wall of the uterus or vagina, which were operated with a laparoscopic procedure. All perioperative and intraoperative data were collected retrospectively from prospectively maintained electronic data. Nine female patients with the diagnosis of nonmetastatic locally advanced lower rectal adenocarcinoma were selected. In MRI 4 patients had uterus-cervix involvement and 3 patients had a posterior vaginal wall and anal sphincter involvement. Four patients were operated with laparoscopic supralevator posterior exenteration and 3 patients were operated with laparoscopic complete posterior exenteration. Three patients underwent vaginal reconstruction, which was done with bilateral V-Y plasty. All 7 patients received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACTRT), 3 patients also received additional chemotherapy (CAPOX regimen) due to poor response to NACTRT. Mean body mass index (BMI) was 23.85 (range 19-27.20). Mean duration for complete posterior exenteration was 9.63 hours (range 7-12 hours). Mean duration for supralevator posterior exenteration was 6.81 hours (range 6.25-7.5 hours). The mean postoperative stay was 10.71 days (range 7-16 days). Mean blood loss was 700 mL (range 200-1800 mL). On postoperative histopathology, all margins were free of tumor in all cases. Laparoscopic approach for locally advanced carcinoma rectum in female patients is feasible with less morbidity and safe short-term oncological outcomes. Careful selection of patients based on MRI is a must before undertaking the minimally invasive surgery approach. Long-term outcomes are still unknown and will require long-term follow-up.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A
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Removal of all of the organs and adjacent structures of the pelvis. It is usually performed to surgically remove cancer involving the bladder, uterine cervix, or rectum. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the female pelvic viscera by means of an endoscope introduced into the pelvic cavity through the posterior vaginal fornix.
Soft tissue formed mainly by the pelvic diaphragm, which is composed of the two levator ani and two coccygeus muscles. The pelvic diaphragm lies just below the pelvic aperture (outlet) and separates the pelvic cavity from the PERINEUM. It extends between the PUBIC BONE anteriorly and the COCCYX posteriorly.
Injury, weakening, or PROLAPSE of the pelvic muscles, surrounding connective tissues or ligaments (PELVIC FLOOR).
Bacteria that can survive and grow in the complete, or nearly complete absence of oxygen.
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...