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Rural-Urban Differences In Severe Maternal Morbidity And Mortality In The US, 2007-15.

07:00 EST 1st December 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Rural-Urban Differences In Severe Maternal Morbidity And Mortality In The US, 2007-15."

In the United States, severe maternal morbidity and mortality is climbing-a reality that is especially challenging for rural communities, which face declining access to obstetric services. refers to potentially life-threatening complications or the need to undergo a lifesaving procedure during or immediately following childbirth. Using data for 2007-15 from the National Inpatient Sample, we analyzed severe maternal morbidity and mortality during childbirth hospitalizations among rural and urban residents. We found that severe maternal morbidity and mortality increased among both rural and urban residents in the study period, from 109 per 10,000 childbirth hospitalizations in 2007 to 152 per 10,000 in 2015. When we controlled for sociodemographic factors and clinical conditions, we found that rural residents had a 9 percent greater probability of severe maternal morbidity and mortality, compared with urban residents. Attention to the challenges faced by rural patients and health care facilities is crucial to the success of efforts to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality in rural areas. These challenges include both clinical factors (workforce shortages, low patient volume, and the opioid epidemic) and social determinants of health (transportation, housing, poverty, food security, racism, violence, and trauma).

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Health affairs (Project Hope)
ISSN: 1544-5208
Pages: 2077-2085

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.

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