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Suppression of Canola () Resistance by Virulent Isolates of (Clubroot) During Primary Infection.

07:00 EST 2nd December 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Suppression of Canola () Resistance by Virulent Isolates of (Clubroot) During Primary Infection."

The planting of clubroot resistant (CR) canola () is the most effective method to manage clubroot. Since 2013, many isolates capable of overcoming resistance have been detected, often in mixtures with avirulent isolates. To improve understanding of the effect of low concentrations of virulent isolates on host resistance, three CR canola cultivars (45H29, L135C, and L241C) were inoculated with pairs of isolates representing virulent/avirulent pathotypes (2*/2, 3*/3, and 5*/5) collected after or before the introduction of CR canola, respectively. Seven-day-old seedlings of each cultivar were incubated for 2 days in low concentrations (1 × 10 spores/ml) of the virulent isolates, followed by a second inoculation with a high concentration (1 × 10 spores/ml) of the avirulent isolates. Positive controls comprised seedlings inoculated with low concentrations of the virulent isolates followed by high concentrations of the virulent isolates (PC1) or only with high concentrations of virulent isolates (PC2). Negative controls comprised seedlings inoculated only with high concentrations of the avirulent isolates (NC1) or only with low concentrations of the virulent isolates (NC2). Clubroot severity was significantly higher in all nine experimental treatments (low virulent plus high avirulent) than in the negative control NC1 (high avirulent) but was lower in the experimental treatments than in the positive controls (PC1 and PC2). Low concentrations of virulent isolates alone (NC2) caused moderate clubroot. Disease severity correlated well with biomass in canola as determined by quantitative PCR analysis 28 to 35 days after inoculation. This study revealed that low concentrations of virulent isolates compromised canola resistance for infection by avirulent isolates.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Plant disease
ISSN: 0191-2917
Pages: PDIS03190659RE

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A plant species cultivated for the seed used as animal feed and as a source of canola cooking oil.

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