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Lour. (Melastomataceae) is a traditional Chinese medicine. This is the first study to report a protective effect of the ethanol extract from (MDE) in type 2 diabetic (T2DM) rats. To investigate the therapeutic mechanism of MDE in T2DM rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a high-fat diet for 6 consecutive weeks, followed by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) (30 mg/kg) to induce diabetes. T2DM rats were divided into untreated diabetic, metformin-treated and MDE-treated groups. Additionally, normal rats without treatment served as the control group ( = 6). Metformin (250 mg/kg) and MDE (600 mg/kg) were intragastrically administered to T2DM rats for 5 consecutive weeks. Serum samples were evaluated via ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC/QTOF-MS), followed by principal components analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA). The 17 identified potential biomarkers were mainly involved in lipid, amino acid, arachidonic acid, taurine and nicotinic acid metabolism. MDE also significantly reduced the level of fasting blood glucose (FBG), oral glucose tolerance, insulin, total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), malondialdehyde (MDA), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and urea nitrogen (BUN) in T2DM rats. The high-density lipoprotein (HDL), serum creatinine (Scr), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) levels were elevated in MDE-treated group. MDE possesses substantial antidiabetic activity, especially in lipid disorder regulation. This suggests that the use of MDE can be generalized to broader pharmacological studies, such as obesity and hyperlipidaemia.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Pharmaceutical biology
Identifying mechanisms underlying the amelioration effect of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. 'Boju' extract on hyperuricemia using biochemical characterization and UPLC-ESI-QTOF/MS-based metabolomics.
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A dehydrated extract of thyroid glands. After the removal of fat and connective tissue, the extract is dried or lyophilized to yield a yellowish to buff-colored amorphous powder containing 0.17-0.23% of iodine.
Adaptive antiviral defense mechanisms, in archaea and bacteria, based on DNA repeat arrays called CLUSTERED REGULARLY INTERSPACED SHORT PALINDROMIC REPEATS (CRISPR elements) that function in conjunction with CRISPR-ASSOCIATED PROTEINS (Cas proteins). Several types have been distinguished, including Type I, Type II, and Type III, based on signature motifs of CRISPR-ASSOCIATED PROTEINS.
An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.
Rapidly decreasing response to a drug or physiologically active agent after administration of a few doses. In immunology, it is the rapid immunization against the effect of toxic doses of an extract or serum by previous injection of small doses. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A dehydrated extract of thyroid glands from domesticated animals. After the removal of fat and connective tissue, the extract is dried or lyophilized to yield a yellowish to buff-colored amorphous powder containing 0.17-0.23% of iodine.
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