Topics

Effect of aerobic training on vascular and metabolic risk factors for recurrent stroke: a meta-analysis.

07:00 EST 3rd December 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Effect of aerobic training on vascular and metabolic risk factors for recurrent stroke: a meta-analysis."

This meta-analysis aimed to determine the effect of aerobic training, compared to non-aerobic interventions, on vascular and metabolic risk factors for recurrent stroke. This study was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis guidelines (PRISMA). Searches were performed in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library and Cinahl up to May 8 2019. Randomized clinical trials evaluating the effect of solely aerobic training on vascular and metabolic risk factors for recurrent stroke were included in a meta-analysis if relevant outcomes were reported in at least two articles. Our search resulted in a total of 7381 hits. Eleven outcomes out of nine articles were included in the meta-analysis. A significant positive effect of aerobic training was found on systolic blood pressure (-3.59 mmHg, 95% CI -6.14 to -1.05) and fasting glucose (-0.12 mmol/l, 95% CI -0.23 to -0.02). The effect on systolic blood pressure further improved when only high-quality studies were included (-4.95 mmHg, 95% CI -8.24 to -1.66). Aerobic training results in a significant positive effect on systolic blood pressure and fasting glucose after stroke when compared to non-aerobic usual care or non-aerobic exercise.Implications for rehabilitationAerobic training has a positive effect on two of the most important vascular risk factors for recurrent stroke (i.e., systolic blood pressure and fasting glucose).The effect of solely aerobic training seems to be comparable to the effect of combined strength exercise and aerobic training for systolic blood pressure and fasting glucose.Since aerobic training has a significant effect on risk factors for recurrent stroke, implementation of aerobic training in daily life is important to reduce long term stroke risk.Previous research has showed that other metabolic risk factors can be altered by other interventions (e.g., strength exercise or lifestyle coaching), therefore, post-stroke prevention programs should be tailored in order to target specific risk-factors for individual patients.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Disability and rehabilitation
ISSN: 1464-5165
Pages: 1-8

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [40129 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Concurrent Training and Detraining: brief Review on the Effect of Exercise Intensities.

Concurrent resistance and aerobic training (CT) has been applied to optimize both strength and aerobic performance. However, it should be carefully prescribed, as there are some factors, as the traini...

Aerobic exercise training and vascular function with aging in healthy men and women.

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remain the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in both men and women in developed societies. Age is the greatest risk factor for CVD due largely to adverse changes t...

Effectiveness of Aerobic Exercise Programs for Health Promotion in Metabolic Syndrome.

Continuous and interval are the two types of aerobic exercise training commonly used for health promotion. We sought to determine which aerobic exercise training program results in larger health impro...

The Role of S100B in Aerobic Training Efficacy in Older Adults with Mild Vascular Cognitive Impairment: Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Aerobic training improves cognitive and brain outcomes across different populations and neurocognitive disorders of aging, including mild subcortical ischemic vascular cognitive impairment (SIVCI). Ho...

Oxidative stress, inflammatory settings, and microRNA regulation in the recurrent implantation failure patients with metabolic syndrome.

Increased oxidative stress (OS) and inflammatory factors in metabolic syndrome (MS) patients are considered as risk factors for recurrent implantation failure (RIF). The aim of this study is to invest...

Clinical Trials [24615 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Periodized Aerobic Interval Training in Metabolic Syndrome

Autonomic disfunction present in metabolic syndrome subjects is related by a greater vulnerability of the heart and risk of cardiovascular events. In this context, aerobic interval trainin...

Exercise Dose-Response Effects in Prediabetes

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effects of different amounts and intensities of aerobic exercise training programs, with and without weight loss, in people who are at risk for ...

Aerobic Training Effects on Motor and Cognitive Performances in MS: an Exploratory Study With Structural and Functional MRI

Aerobic training (AT) induces cardiovascular, metabolic and muscular changes and has been proposed as a promising rehabilitative approach in elderly adults and in neurological patients to ...

Effect of Resistance Training on Metabolic Control and Outcome in Prediabetes (NMR-based Metabonomics)

This study evaluates the efficacy of a 12-month resistance training on metabolic control and reducing the risk of diabetes.

Dose-Response of Aerobic Training in Post-Menopausal Women at High-Risk for Development of Breast Cancer

This study is being done to look at the effect that different amounts of progressive exercise training has on risk factors associated with developing breast cancer. These risk factors incl...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.

Loss of vascular ELASTICITY due to factors such as AGING; and ARTERIOSCLEROSIS. Increased arterial stiffness is one of the RISK FACTORS for many CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES.

Factors that can cause or prevent the outcome of interest, are not intermediate variables, and are not associated with the factor(s) under investigation. They give rise to situations in which the effects of two processes are not separated, or the contribution of causal factors cannot be separated, or the measure of the effect of exposure or risk is distorted because of its association with other factors influencing the outcome of the study.

A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)

A cluster of symptoms that are risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome include ABDOMINAL OBESITY; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Blood
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells.  In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Vascular
Vascular relates to blood vessels (Oxford Medical Dictionary) and can be used to describe the supply of blood, a disease affecting the blood vessels or molecules associated with these structures. For example, <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->atherosclerosis ...


Searches Linking to this Article