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Baseball is played around the world, including in North America and Latin America. The repetitive and stressful act of throwing can lead to adaptations such as increased humeral retroversion (HR) in the throwing arm. This adaptation is often considered beneficial as it allows more glenohumeral external rotation during the cocking phase of pitching without soft tissue stretching. Therefore, it is speculated that throwing should be started at a young age to capitalize on this adaptation. Interestingly, athletes in different geographic regions of the world often begin organized baseball at different ages. However, range of motion (ROM), HR, and the starting age of baseball have never been examined based on geographic region.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of athletic training
The increased humeral retroversion on the dominant side of throwing athletes is thought to result from repetitive throwing motion. Little Leaguer's shoulder-a rotational stress fracture of the proxima...
There are conflicting reports regarding the efficacy of Major League Baseball (MLB) pitchers following medial ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction (UCLR). As advanced baseball metrics have revolut...
Glenoid retroversion is a known independent risk factor for recurrent posterior instability. The purpose was to investigate progressive angles of glenoid retroversion and their influence on humeral he...
Retroversion of the acetabulum is a cause of pincer impingement. Symptomatic retroversion has traditionally been treated with anteverting periacetabular osteotomy (PAO). However, arthroscopic rim trim...
The evaluation of any relationship between the rotational resistance of the shoulder and shoulder flexibility with throwing arm injuries in professional and college level pitchers.
The proposed study is a prospective, single-blinded, randomized trial to investigate the impact of humeral component version on shoulder range of motion and patient reported functional out...
The purpose of this study is to use ultrasound imaging to determine if there are certain frequencies, durations, and intensities of baseball pitching that expose a college baseball player ...
This is a study of the muscle stabilizers of the elbow with respect to the prevention of Ulnar Collateral Ligament (UCL) injuries in pitchers. Pitchers are assessed at spring training and ...
Comparison of the function and mobility of the shoulder with the placement of the Delta prosthesis (anteversion and retroversion of the glenoidal and humeral components)
Geographic area in which a professional person practices; includes primarily physicians and dentists.
The geographic area of the southwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.
The geographic area of the northwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.
A competitive nine-member team sport including softball.
All of the continents and every country situated within, the UNITED STATES and each of the constituent states arranged by region, CANADA and each of its provinces, AUSTRALIA and each of its states, the major bodies of water and major islands on both hemispheres, and selected major cities. Although the geographic locations are not printed in INDEX MEDICUS as main headings, in indexing they are significant in epidemiologic studies and historical articles and for locating administrative units in education and the delivery of health care.