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We investigated the effects of hydrostatic pressure on α-glycylglycine (α-digly) using a combined experimental and theoretical approach. The results of powder X-ray diffraction show a change in compressibility of the axes above 6.7 GPa, but also indicate that the structure remains in the same monoclinic space group, suggesting an isosymmetric phase transition. A noticeable change in the Raman spectra between 6 and 7.5 GPa further supports the observed phase transition. First-principles based calculations combined with the crystal structure prediction code USPEX predict a number of possible polymorphs at high pressure. An orthorhombic structure with a bent peptide backbone is the lowest enthalpy polymorph above 6.4 GPa, however it is not consistent with experimental observations. A second monoclinic structure isosymmetric to α-digly, α'-digly, is predicted to become more stable above 11.4 GPa. The atomistic charges in α'-digly differ from α-digly and the molecule is bent, indicating different reactivity of α'-digly. The similarity in the lattice parameters predicted from calculations and the axial changes observed experimentally support that the α'-digly phase is likely observed at high pressure. A possible explanation for the isosymmetric phase transition is discussed in terms of relaxing strained H-bonding interactions. Such combined experimental and modelling efforts provide atomic-level insight into how pressure-driven conformational changes alter hydrogen bonding networks in complicated molecular crystals.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The journal of physical chemistry. B
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Regulatory signaling systems that control the progression of the CELL CYCLE through the G1 PHASE and allow transition to S PHASE when the cells are ready to undergo DNA REPLICATION. DNA DAMAGE, or the deficiencies in specific cellular components or nutrients may cause the cells to halt before progressing through G1 phase.
A cyclin subtype that is transported into the CELL NUCLEUS at the end of the G2 PHASE. It stimulates the G2/M phase transition by activating CDC2 PROTEIN KINASE.
Members of the src-family tyrosine kinases that are activated during the transition from G2 PHASE to M PHASE of the CELL CYCLE. It is highly homologous to PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEIN PP60(C-SRC).
A cyclin-dependent kinase that forms a complex with CYCLIN C and is active during the G1 PHASE of the CELL CYCLE. It plays a role in the transition from G1 to S PHASE and in transcriptional regulation.
A change of a substance from one form or state to another.
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