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Fabricating large areas of geometrically complex and precisely controlled topographies is required for the studies of cell behavior on patterned surfaces. Direct laser writing (DLW) is an advanced 3D-fabrication technique, which facilitates the manufacturing of structures within various scales (from a few hundred nanometers to millimeters). However, this method requires improvements in the accuracy and reproducibility of the submicron and nanoscale features that are printed over a large area. Here, we present a scheme to both improve the uniformity of the printed submicron patterns and decrease the printing time. The effects of various processing parameters (e.g., laser power and writing field) on the dimensions and uniformity of submicron pillars as well as on their Young's modulus and surface wettability were assessed. Decreasing the writing field to 33 × 33 µm2 significantly improved the uniformity of submicron pillars that were printed over an area of 4 mm2 in a single-step process. Preosteoblast cells (MC3T3-E1) were used to assess the cytocompatibility of the used material (IP-L780 resin) with a focus on cell morphology, cell proliferation, cytoskeletal organization, and the elastic modulus of the cells. The cells cultured for two days on the submicron pillars showed a polarized shape and a higher Young's modulus of the area corresponding to the nucleus relative to those cultured on flat surfaces. Taken together, the results of the current study clearly show that the submicron patterns created using DLW are both cytocompatible and could modulate the morphology and mechanical properties of cells. This work paves the way for direct printing of submicron features with controlled Young's moduli over large areas in a single-step process, which is necessary for systematically studying how such patterns modulate cellular functions.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: ACS applied materials & interfaces
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Arthropods of the order Scorpiones, of which 1500 to 2000 species have been described. The most common live in tropical or subtropical areas. They are nocturnal and feed principally on insects and other arthropods. They are large arachnids but do not attack man spontaneously. They have a venomous sting. Their medical significance varies considerably and is dependent on their habits and venom potency rather than on their size. At most, the sting is equivalent to that of a hornet but certain species possess a highly toxic venom potentially fatal to humans. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Smith, Insects and Other Arthropods of Medical Importance, 1973, p417; Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, p503)
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