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The use of medications to treat respiratory conditions of extreme prematurity is often based upon studies of adults or children over 2 years of age. Little is known about the spectrum of medications used or dosing ranges. To inform the design of future studies, we conducted a prospective analysis of respiratory medication exposure among 832 extremely low gestational age neonates.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Pediatric pulmonology
Infants who are born premature can have persistent apnea beyond term gestation, reemergence of apnea associated with inflammation during infancy, increased risk of sudden unexplained death, and sleep ...
Between 32 and 34 weeks postconceptional age (PCA), premature infants typically achieve neuromuscular maturation to initiate the coordination of a nutritive suck triad. Many premature infants also r...
Background Extremely premature infants often need invasive respiratory support from birth, but have low nutritional reserves and high metabolic demands. Our aim was to determine if there was a relatio...
Background Airway obstruction can occur during facemask (FM) resuscitation of preterm infants at birth. Intubation bypasses any upper airway obstruction. Thus, it would be expected that the occurrence...
Premature births have a great impact on the parents. The purpose of this study was to investigate the anxieties of parents of premature infants regarding infantile diseases and to help medical staff b...
The purpose of this study is to determine if an investigational drug can reduce respiratory complications in extremely premature babies through 12 months corrected age (CA), as compared to...
EPIPAGEADO is an observational study. Respiratory symptoms and lung function will be evaluated in very low birth weight and term infants, born in 1997 and included in the French EPIPAGE co...
Background: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) continues to be one of the most common problems in premature infants. Pharmacological closure of PDA with intravenous (IV) indomethacin was firs...
The investigators hypothesize that using low oxygen concentrations during resuscitation of extremely premature infants will avoid oxidative stress derived damage and improve outcome.
The purpose of this study is to examine if infants are more likely to suffer from respiratory complications during their first year of life due to being born premature.
A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.
A human infant born before 28 weeks of GESTATION.
A respiratory distress syndrome in newborn infants, usually premature infants with insufficient PULMONARY SURFACTANTS. The disease is characterized by the formation of a HYALINE-like membrane lining the terminal respiratory airspaces (PULMONARY ALVEOLI) and subsequent collapse of the lung (PULMONARY ATELECTASIS).
A condition of the newborn marked by DYSPNEA with CYANOSIS, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, mostly frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.
Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).
Asthma COPD Cystic Fibrosis Pneumonia Pulmonary Medicine Respiratory Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are any infection of the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs. They're usually caused by viruses, but they can also ...
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...