Size-Dependent EPR Effect of Polymeric Nanoparticles on Tumor Targeting.

07:00 EST 3rd December 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Size-Dependent EPR Effect of Polymeric Nanoparticles on Tumor Targeting."

Passive targeting of large nanoparticles by the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect is a crucial concept for solid tumor targeting in cancer nanomedicine. There is, however, a trade-off between the long-term blood circulation of nanoparticles and their nonspecific background tissue uptake. To define this size-dependent EPR effect, near-infrared fluorophore-conjugated polyethylene glycols (PEG-ZW800s; 1-60 kDa) are designed and their biodistribution, pharmacokinetics, and renal clearance are evaluated in tumor-bearing mice. The targeting efficiency of size-variant PEG-ZW800s is investigated in terms of tumor-to-background ratio (TBR). Interestingly, smaller sized PEGs (≤20 kDa, 12 nm) exhibit significant tumor targeting with minimum to no nonspecific uptakes, while larger sized PEGs (>20 kDa, 13 nm) accumulate highly in major organs, including the lungs, liver, and pancreas. Among those tested, 20 kDa PEG-ZW800 exhibits the highest TBR, while excreting unbound molecules to the urinary bladder. This result lays a foundation for engineering tumor-targeted nanoparticles and therapeutics based on the size-dependent EPR effect.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Advanced healthcare materials
ISSN: 2192-2659
Pages: e1901223


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