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An ionic-liquid-stabilized fluorescent probe for histamine is described. Sulfur-doped carbon dots (S-CDs) were incorporated into a covalent organic framework (COF) that was prepared from 1,3,5-triformylphloroglucinol and 2,5-dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine by one-pot hydrothermal polymerization in the dark. The blue fluorescence of the S-CDs (with excitation/emission maxima at 350/440 nm) is enhanced (compared to undoped CDs) due to element doping by ionic-liquid modification. The COF is resistant to acids, bases, and boiling water. The fluorescence of the probe is statically quenched by histamine, and quenching follows the Stern-Volmer equation. The normalized fluorescence of the probe drops in the 10 to 1000 μg kg histamine concentration range, and the limit of detection is 5.3 μg kg. The probe was successfully applied to the analysis of wine and fermented meat products. The recoveries from spiked samples range between 84.6 and 115.3%. The method is selective, sensitive, stable and repeatable. The mechanisms of the fluorometric response and molecular recognition were explored. Graphical abstractSchematic presentation of ionic-liquid-stabilized fluorescent probe based on S-doped carbon dot-embedded covalent organic framework for determination of histamine. The ionic liquid [VBIm][BF] reacts with MPTS-modified carbon dots to enhance the fluorescence signal for analyte recognition.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Mikrochimica acta
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