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Astilbin (ASB), a dihydroflavonol glycoside, is widely found in a variety of plants and in functional foods and acts as a powerful antioxidant. The aim of this study was to investigate the underlying mechanisms involved in the antagonistic effects of ASB on cadmium (Cd)-induced necroptosis in chicken peripheral blood lymphocytes. Peripheral blood lymphocytes were aseptically collected from Roman white hens and then randomly divided into five groups: the control group was incubated without additional reagents, while the other groups were incubated with Cd, ASB, a combination of Cd and ASB, and 0.1% DMSO. After a 24 h treatment, cell samples were collected. The results showed that some morphological changes consistent with necroptosis were observed in the Cd-treated groups, suggesting the occurrence of necroptosis. Simultaneously, antioxidant activity markers (CAT, SOD, GSH, GSH-px, and T-AOC) decreased and indicators of oxidative stress (MDA, iNOS, NO, HO, ·OH and ROS) increased. The production of ROS induced the activation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, as the expression levels of PI3K, Akt and PDK1 were significantly elevated. Additionally, the expression levels of RIPK3, RIPK1, MLKL, TAK1, TAB2 and TAB3 were increased and that of Caspase-8 was decreased, which could cause the necroptosis. However, the most important our results was that ASB supplements remarkably attenuated the Cd-induced effects. We conclude that the Cd treatment promoted an imbalance of the antioxidant status and activated the PI3K/Akt pathway, leading to necroptosis in chicken peripheral blood lymphocytes, and that ASB was able to partially ameliorate the effect of Cd-induced necroptosis.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Ecotoxicology and environmental safety
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Unstable isotopes of cadmium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cd atoms with atomic weights 103-105, 107, 109, 115, and 117-119 are radioactive cadmium isotopes.
Inorganic compounds that contain cadmium as an integral part of the molecule.
A membrane bound member of the TNF superfamily that is expressed on activated B-LYMPHOCYTES; MACROPHAGES; and DENDRITIC CELLS. The ligand is specific for the 4-1BB RECEPTOR and may play a role in inducing the proliferation of activated peripheral blood T-LYMPHOCYTES.
Poisoning occurring after exposure to cadmium compounds or fumes. It may cause gastrointestinal syndromes, anemia, or pneumonitis.
An element with atomic symbol Cd, atomic number 48, and atomic weight 114. It is a metal and ingestion will lead to CADMIUM POISONING.
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