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The impact of diabetes mellitus on outcomes in trauma patients continues to attract interest, but data regarding the impact of longer term glycemic control are still lacking. This study evaluated the effect of long-term glycemic control on outcomes. Trauma patients presenting to the University of Alabama at Birmingham Hospital, between 2011 and 2018, were stratified into 4 groups, based on admission HbA1C level. A Poisson regression with robust error variance was used to estimate risk ratios and associated confidence intervals for the association between HbA1C and specific outcomes. A total of 26,134 patients were included. Patients without diabetes or excellent glycemic control (ND-EGC) had shorter hospital and ICU stay as well as fewer days on ventilator support. Compared with those with ND-EGC, the renal failure risk was higher for those with moderate (risk ratio [RR] 2.53, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.76-3.63) and poor glycemic control (RR 3.20, 95% CI 2.18-4.71). Urinary tract infection risk was also higher for those with poor control (RR 1.83, 95% CI 1.17-2.02). Observed associations were of similar strength for pneumonia and mortality for all less-than-excellent glycemic control groups. In conclusion, trauma patients with worse long-term glycemic control had increased risks of developing pneumonia, renal failure, urinary tract infection, and death. HbA1c can prognosticate the risks and outcomes of diabetic trauma patients.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Shock (Augusta, Ga.)
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Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.
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A quantitative value of a measured amount of a specific food that is equal to the GLYCEMIC INDEX of that food multiplied by the carbohydrate content of that food.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.
A course of food intake prescribed for patients, that limits the amount of foods with a high GLYCEMIC INDEX.
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