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In this study, a novel microbial biosensor was developed for the selective determination of L-Ascorbic acid. In the construction of the microbial biosensor, lyophilized Candida tropicalis yeast cells were immobilized with o-aminophenol by forming a film layer on a platinum electrode surface using electropolymerization. L-Ascorbic acid was quantified on the basis of both amperometric and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) methods using the biosensor. The measurements were made at +0.24 V (vs Ag/AgCl) for amperometric studies and between 0.0 V and +0.7 V for DPV studies based on the oxidation of L-Ascorbic acid to dehydro-L-Ascorbic acid by ascorbate oxidase which takes place within the catabolic metabolic pathway of C. tropicalis yeast cells. According to the results obtained from the two methods, the response of the biosensor depends linearly on L-Ascorbic acid concentration between 100 and 1500 μM. The detection limit was 62 μM and 59 μM for amperometric and DPV measurements, respectively. The response time of the microbial biosensor was 14 s and 5 s for DPV and amperometric measurements, respectively. In the optimization studies of the biosensor, some parameters such as the optimum amount of the microorganism, o-aminophenol concentration, pH and temperature were determined. For the characterization of the biosensor, reproducibility, storage stability and the effect of interferences were determined.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioelectrochemistry (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
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Process of classifying cells of the immune system based on structural and functional differences. The process is commonly used to analyze and sort T-lymphocytes into subsets based on CD antigens by the technique of flow cytometry.
Protein factors released from one species of YEAST that are selectively toxic to another species of yeast.
The dry cells of any suitable strain of SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE or CANDIDA. It can be obtained as a by-product from the brewing of beer or by growing on media not suitable for beer production. Dried yeast serves as a source of protein and VITAMIN B COMPLEX.
A genus of yeast-like mitosporic Saccharomycetales fungi characterized by producing yeast cells, mycelia, pseudomycelia, and blastophores. It is commonly part of the normal flora of the skin, mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina, but can cause a variety of infections, including CANDIDIASIS; ONYCHOMYCOSIS; vulvovaginal candidiasis (CANDIDIASIS, VULVOVAGINAL), and thrush (see CANDIDIASIS, ORAL). (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Mononuclear cells with pronounced phagocytic ability that are distributed extensively in lymphoid and other organs. It includes MACROPHAGES and their precursors; PHAGOCYTES; KUPFFER CELLS; HISTIOCYTES; DENDRITIC CELLS; LANGERHANS CELLS; and MICROGLIA. The term mononuclear phagocyte system has replaced the former reticuloendothelial system, which also included less active phagocytic cells such as fibroblasts and endothelial cells. (From Illustrated Dictionary of Immunology, 2d ed.)
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