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Comparison of clonazepam and levetiracetam in children for prevention of busulfan-induced seizure in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

07:00 EST 20th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Comparison of clonazepam and levetiracetam in children for prevention of busulfan-induced seizure in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation."

Antiseizure prophylaxis is required during busulfan administration for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. However, antiseizure agents such as benzodiazepines and phenytoin may produce adverse effects through interaction with other drugs. We retrospectively assessed the prophylactic efficacy and safety of levetiracetam and clonazepam against busulfan-induced seizures between 2013 and 2018. Thirty patients (after 2015) received levetiracetam, and 13 patients (before 2015) received clonazepam in this study. Levetiracetam was well-tolerated and had a significantly lower frequency of adverse effects, such as somnolence, compared with clonazepam, although two patients in the levetiracetam group experienced seizures. Levetiracetam is a feasible option for preventing busulfan-induced seizures.

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Name: International journal of hematology
ISSN: 1865-3774
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