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Differentiation of thyroid nodules on US using features learned and extracted from various convolutional neural networks.

07:00 EST 27th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Differentiation of thyroid nodules on US using features learned and extracted from various convolutional neural networks."

Thyroid nodules are a common clinical problem. Ultrasonography (US) is the main tool used to sensitively diagnose thyroid cancer. Although US is non-invasive and can accurately differentiate benign and malignant thyroid nodules, it is subjective and its results inevitably lack reproducibility. Therefore, to provide objective and reliable information for US assessment, we developed a CADx system that utilizes convolutional neural networks and the machine learning technique. The diagnostic performances of 6 radiologists and 3 representative results obtained from the proposed CADx system were compared and analyzed.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Scientific reports
ISSN: 2045-2322
Pages: 19854

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A small circumscribed mass in the THYROID GLAND that can be of neoplastic growth or non-neoplastic abnormality. It lacks a well-defined capsule or glandular architecture. Thyroid nodules are often benign but can be malignant. The growth of nodules can lead to a multinodular goiter (GOITER, NODULAR).

An enlarged THYROID GLAND containing multiple nodules (THYROID NODULE), usually resulting from recurrent thyroid HYPERPLASIA and involution over many years to produce the irregular enlargement. Multinodular goiters may be nontoxic or may induce THYROTOXICOSIS.

Learned expectation that one's responses are independent of reward and, hence, do not predict or control the occurrence of rewards. Learned helplessness derives from a history, experimentally induced or naturally occurring, of having received punishment/aversive stimulation regardless of responses made. Such circumstances result in an impaired ability to learn. Used for human or animal populations. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)

Specific high affinity binding proteins for THYROID HORMONES in target cells. They are usually found in the nucleus and regulate DNA transcription. These receptors are activated by hormones that leads to transcription, cell differentiation, and growth suppression. Thyroid hormone receptors are encoded by two genes (GENES, ERBA): erbA-alpha and erbA-beta for alpha and beta thyroid hormone receptors, respectively.

An aggressive THYROID GLAND malignancy which generally occurs in IODINE-deficient areas in people with previous thyroid pathology such as GOITER. It is associated with CELL DEDIFFERENTIATION of THYROID CARCINOMA (e.g., FOLLICULAR THYROID CARCINOMA; PAPILLARY THYROID CANCER). Typical initial presentation is a rapidly growing neck mass which upon metastasis is associated with DYSPHAGIA; NECK PAIN; bone pain; DYSPNEA; and NEUROLOGIC DEFICITS.

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