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Accelerometer-Based Portable Navigation System Is Useful for Tibial Bone Cutting in Modified Kinematically Aligned Total Knee Arthroplasty.

07:00 EST 31st December 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Accelerometer-Based Portable Navigation System Is Useful for Tibial Bone Cutting in Modified Kinematically Aligned Total Knee Arthroplasty."

Several studies have reported better clinical outcomes following kinematically aligned total knee arthroplasty (KA-TKA) than mechanically aligned TKA. Consistent reproduction of a KA-TKA is aided by accurate tibial bone resections using computer navigation systems. This study compares an accelerometer-based portable navigation system with a conventional navigation system on tibial bone resection and clinical outcomes in KA-TKA. This study included 60 knees of patients who underwent primary KA-TKA between May 2015 and September 2017. They were randomly assigned to the OrthoPilot and iASSIST groups. A tibial bone cut was performed with 3 degree varus and 7 degree posterior slope in relation to the mechanical axis in all cases. The tibial component angle (TCA) and posterior slope angle (PSA) were evaluated by postoperative radiography, and those that deviated more than 2 degree were set as outliers. The clinical outcomes were the knee range of motion (ROM) and 2011 Knee Society Score (KSS) evaluated at 1 year postoperation. The groups were compared in terms of the TCA, PSA, number of outliers, ROM, and 2011 KSS ( < 0.05). No significant difference was observed between the groups in terms of the mean TCA, PSA, number of outliers, ROM, and categories of the 2011 KSS (objective knee indicators, symptoms, satisfaction, expectations, and functional activities). Although tibial bone cuts were performed with 3 degree varus and 7 degree posterior slope, no significant difference was observed between the OrthoPilot and iASSIST groups in terms of the accuracy of cuts or postoperative clinical result. The iASSIST was found to be a simple and useful navigation system for KA-TKA.

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Name: The journal of knee surgery
ISSN: 1938-2480
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Disease of the TIBIAL NERVE (also referred to as the posterior tibial nerve). The most commonly associated condition is the TARSAL TUNNEL SYNDROME. However, LEG INJURIES; ISCHEMIA; and inflammatory conditions (e.g., COLLAGEN DISEASES) may also affect the nerve. Clinical features include PARALYSIS of plantar flexion, ankle inversion and toe flexion as well as loss of sensation over the sole of the foot. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p32)

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The medial terminal branch of the sciatic nerve. The tibial nerve fibers originate in lumbar and sacral spinal segments (L4 to S2). They supply motor and sensory innervation to parts of the calf and foot.

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