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Toll Like Receptor-4 Gene Polymorphism and Susceptibility to Pulmonary Tuberculosis.

08:00 EDT 1st July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Toll Like Receptor-4 Gene Polymorphism and Susceptibility to Pulmonary Tuberculosis."

Tuberculosis (TB) affects human life globally for a long time. The difference in clinical outcome of infection suggests that host genetic makeup is responsible for such variability. Toll like receptors (TLRs) are pattern recognition receptors and have a significant role in mycobacterial recognition by the innate immune system. TLR-4 is the key receptor in initiation of innate immunity against M. tuberculosis. This study investigated whether variants in TLR-4 896A/G (Asp299Gly) and TLR-4 1196C/T (Thr399Ile) genes are related with susceptibility or resistance to pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in Saudi population. Genotyping of TLR-4 896A/G, TLR-4 1196C/T gene was performed by polymerase chain reaction followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR -RFLP) in 60 PTB patients and 60 control subjects. The A allele at (896A/G) was more frequent in the control group while G allele was more common in PTB patients. The frequency of T allele of (1196C/T) polymorphism was significantly increased in PTB patients as compared to the control group (P < 0.001; Odds ratio (OR) 2.79, 95% Confidence interval (CI) 1.65-4.72). A trend toward increased frequency of TT and CT genotypes of TLR4 at (1196C/T) were also observed in PTB patients as compared to control group (48.3% vs. 26, 7%, and 21.7% vs. 15%), respectively. This study suggests that that TLR4 polymorphism especially TLR4 rs4986791 may be associated with increase susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis, and C allele of rs4986791 is a promising protective factor for tuberculosis susceptibility in Saudi population.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Egyptian journal of immunology
ISSN: 1110-4902
Pages: 1-10

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A pattern recognition receptor that forms heterodimers with TOLL-LIKE RECEPTOR 2.

A pattern recognition receptor that forms heterodimers with other TOLL-LIKE RECEPTORS. It interacts with multiple ligands including PEPTIDOGLYCAN, bacterial LIPOPROTEINS, lipoarabinomannan, and a variety of PORINS.

A family of pattern recognition receptors characterized by an extracellular leucine-rich domain and a cytoplasmic domain that share homology with the INTERLEUKIN 1 RECEPTOR and the DROSOPHILA toll protein. Following pathogen recognition, toll-like receptors recruit and activate a variety of SIGNAL TRANSDUCING ADAPTOR PROTEINS.

Tuberculosis of the brain, spinal cord, or meninges (TUBERCULOSIS, MENINGEAL), most often caused by MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS and rarely by MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS. The infection may be limited to the nervous system or coexist in other organs (e.g., TUBERCULOSIS, PULMONARY). The organism tends to seed the meninges causing a diffuse meningitis and leads to the formation of TUBERCULOMA, which may occur within the brain, spinal cord, or perimeningeal spaces. Tuberculous involvement of the vertebral column (TUBERCULOSIS, SPINAL) may result in nerve root or spinal cord compression. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp717-20)

A pattern recognition receptor that forms heterodimers with TLR2 RECEPTOR. The complex interacts with a variety of ligands including LIPOPROTEINS from MYCOPLASMA.

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