Hip Adduction and Abduction Torque-angle Curve Characterization of Speed Skating Athletes.

07:00 EST 14th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Hip Adduction and Abduction Torque-angle Curve Characterization of Speed Skating Athletes."

Speed skating is a cyclic sport which involves the hip abductor muscles, impelling the participant forwards, and adductor muscles, in the recovery phase and decelerating the abduction movement eccentrically. This paper has the objective of describing and comparing the abduction/adduction torque-angle curves of speed skating athletes (N=10) with a group of non-practitioners young participants (N=10). Both groups presented similar peak torques and electromyography patterns for tensor fascia lata, gluteus medius, long adductor and adductor magnus. However, athletes showed higher torque-angle curve integral and abduction and adduction peak torques at different hip angles than the control group. These findings suggest an adaptation of their musculotendon actuators and a better capacity to generate mechanical work and power during a propulsion-recovery cycle.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of sports medicine
ISSN: 1439-3964


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [7896 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Hip adduction and abduction strength and adduction-to-abduction ratio changes across an Australian Football League season.

Pre-season hip strength testing only represents the athlete's level of conditioning at that time point, and may change over an Australian Football (AF) season. This study aimed to examine if there are...

Variability of concentric angle-specific isokinetic torque and impulse assessments of the knee extensors.

Length-tension relationships are widely reported in research, rehabilitation and performance settings; however, several isometric contractions at numerous angles are needed to understand these muscula...

Tracking In-Match Movement Demands Using Local Positioning System in World-Class Men's Ice Hockey.

Douglas, AS and Kennedy, CR. Tracking in-match movement demands using local positioning system in world-class men's ice hockey. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-While the global positioning sy...

Reliability outcomes and inter-limb differences in ankle joint stiffness in children with unilateral cerebral palsy depend on the method of analysis.

Children with cerebral palsy (CP) present increased passive ankle joint stiffness, measured as the slope of the torque-angle curve relationship. However, large discrepancies in results exist among stu...

Ankle torque steadiness and gait speed after a single session of robot therapy in individuals with chronic hemiparesis: a pilot study.

Anklebot therapy has proven to be effective in improving hemiparetic gait. However, neither ankle torque steadiness nor the relationship between changes in force control and functional tasks after the...

Clinical Trials [2552 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Evaluate the Impact of Arm Abduction and Adduction on the Intravascular Electrocardiograph During PICC Placement and the Tip Location Changes Related to it

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the impact of arm abduction and adduction on the intravascular electrocardiograph during PICC placement and to find out how arm position influences ...

Effects of Elastic Therapeutic Tape on Biomechanical Changes of Knee Joint During Side Step Cutting Task in ACL Injuries

The purpose of this study to investigate joint angle and joint moment in flexion-extension, adduction-abduction and internal -external rotation of elastic therapeutic tape and elastic ther...

Prospective Sensor Controlled Compliance Analysis of Shoulder Abduction Splint After Rotator Cuff Repair

The postoperative shoulder rehabilitation in an abduction brace after rotator cuff reconstruction of the shoulder is crucial for a successful healing of the reconstruction. In this study ...

Effectiveness of Scapula Mobilization on Mechanosensitivity of Upper Limb Neural Test 1 in Mechanical Neck Pain

Between 45% and 70% of the general population suffers neck pain at some point in their lives, making it one of the most frequent reasons for taking sick leave. Given its importance in phys...

Effects of the Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation for Promoting Muscular Irradiation

This study aims to evaluate the effects of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) patterns delivered to the upper limb, lower limb and trunk for promoting motor irradiation to the...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A syndrome characterized by marked limitation of abduction of the eye, variable limitation of adduction and retraction of the globe, and narrowing of the palpebral fissure on attempted adduction. The condition is caused by aberrant innervation of the lateral rectus by fibers of the oculomotor nerve. There are three subtypes: type 1 (associated with loss of abduction), type 2 (associated with loss of adduction), and type 3 (loss of abduction and adduction). Two loci for Duane retraction syndrome have been located, one at chromosome 8q13 (DURS1) and another at chromosome 2q31(DURS2). It is usually caused by congenital hypoplasia of the abducens nerve or nucleus, but may rarely represent an acquired syndrome. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p271; Miller et al., Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology, 4th ed, p691)

Disease involving the ULNAR NERVE from its origin in the BRACHIAL PLEXUS to its termination in the hand. Clinical manifestations may include PARESIS or PARALYSIS of wrist flexion, finger flexion, thumb adduction, finger abduction, and finger adduction. Sensation over the medial palm, fifth finger, and ulnar aspect of the ring finger may also be impaired. Common sites of injury include the AXILLA, cubital tunnel at the ELBOW, and Guyon's canal at the wrist. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51 pp43-5)

A statistical means of summarizing information from a series of measurements on one individual. It is frequently used in clinical pharmacology where the AUC from serum levels can be interpreted as the total uptake of whatever has been administered. As a plot of the concentration of a drug against time, after a single dose of medicine, producing a standard shape curve, it is a means of comparing the bioavailability of the same drug made by different companies. (From Winslade, Dictionary of Clinical Research, 1992)

Scattering of a beam of electromagnetic or acoustic RADIATION, or particles, at small angles by particles or cavities whose dimensions are many times as large as the wavelength of the radiation or the de Broglie wavelength of the scattered particles. Also know as low angle scattering. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed) Small angle scattering (SAS) techniques, small angle neutron (SANS), X-ray (SAXS), and light (SALS, or just LS) scattering, are used to characterize objects on a nanoscale.

Congenital open-angle glaucoma that results from dysgenesis of the angle structures accompanied by increased intraocular pressure and enlargement of the eye. Treatment is both medical and surgical.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Joint Disorders
A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, elbow, or shoulder. Joints can be damaged by many types of injuries or diseases, including Arthritis - inflammation of a joint causes pain, stiffness, and swelling with ...

Searches Linking to this Article