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Vestibular migraine (VM), also known as migrainous vertigo or migraine-associated vertigo, is characterized by recurrent vestibular attacks often accompanied by migraine headaches and other migraine symptoms. It is one of the most common presenting complaints to physicians in primary care, otolaryngology, and neurology. Epidemiologic data suggest that VM may affect 1 to 3% of the general population and 10 to 30% of patients seeking treatment for dizziness. Attacks typically last minutes to hours and range from spontaneous and positional vertigo to extreme sensitivity to self and surround motion. As with headaches, nausea, and vomiting, phonophobia and photophobia are common accompanying symptoms. The clinical spectrum of VM and its underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are just being identified, with much debate about the causal relationship of vestibular symptoms and headache, no evidence-based guidelines for clinical management, limited characterization of its disease burden, and little information about its negative impact on health-related quality of life.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Seminars in neurology
The term vestibular migraine designates recurrent vertigo that is caused by migraine. Vestibular migraine presents with episodes of spontaneous or positional vertigo lasting seconds to days that are a...
To evaluate if patients with a diagnosis of vestibular migraine (VM) by the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD) criteria have meaningful differences in symptomatology and disease...
Isolated dizziness and vertigo due to vascular mechanisms are frequently misdiagnosed as peripheral vestibulopathy or vestibular migraine. For diagnosis of strokes presenting with an acute prolonged (...
To investigate the correlation of 5-hydroxy tryptamine receptor 6 (5-HTR6) gene polymorphism with vestibular migraine (VM).
Treatment of vestibular migraine currently lacks a firm scientific basis, as high quality randomized controlled trials are not available. Therefore, recommendations are largely borrowed from the migra...
Do migrainous vertigo patients have more pathology in their vestibular system than migraine patients without vertigo? The aim of this study is to compare the vestibular system of migraine...
Vestibular migraine was recently addressed by the International Headache Society (IHS) as separate from other types of migraine. Vestibular migraine is one of the most common causes of ver...
Abstract: Introduction: Vestibular migraine(VM) is a disease that manifests with episodic vertigo attacks in patients with or without migraine type headaches, when present accompanying th...
This phase 2 randomized study will be used to test the efficacy of 4-aminopyridine (4AP) or atenolol to reduce severity and frequency of vestibular and headache symptoms of vestibular migr...
Our objective is to allow positive MRI diagnosis of vestibular neuritis by highlighting contrast enhancement of the vestibular nerve on the pathological side of the FLAIR sequence acquired...
A subtype of migraine disorder, characterized by recurrent attacks of reversible neurological symptoms (aura) that precede or accompany the headache. Aura may include a combination of sensory disturbances, such as blurred VISION; HALLUCINATIONS; VERTIGO; NUMBNESS; and difficulty in concentrating and speaking. Aura is usually followed by features of the COMMON MIGRAINE, such as PHOTOPHOBIA; PHONOPHOBIA; and NAUSEA. (International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd ed. Cephalalgia 2004: suppl 1)
The vestibular part of the 8th cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE). The vestibular nerve fibers arise from neurons of Scarpa's ganglion and project peripherally to vestibular hair cells and centrally to the VESTIBULAR NUCLEI of the BRAIN STEM. These fibers mediate the sense of balance and head position.
Vestibular nucleus lying immediately superior to the inferior vestibular nucleus and composed of large multipolar nerve cells. Its upper end becomes continuous with the superior vestibular nucleus. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Pathological processes of the VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH which contains part of the balancing apparatus. Patients with vestibular diseases show instability and are at risk of frequent falls.
A benign SCHWANNOMA of the eighth cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE), mostly arising from the vestibular branch (VESTIBULAR NERVE) during the fifth or sixth decade of life. Clinical manifestations include HEARING LOSS; HEADACHE; VERTIGO; TINNITUS; and FACIAL PAIN. Bilateral acoustic neuromas are associated with NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 2. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p673)
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
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