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End-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients have high annual mortality mainly due to cardiovascular causes. The acute effects of obstructive and central sleep apnea on cardiac function in ESRD patients have not been determined. We therefore tested, in patients with ESRD, the hypotheses that (1) sleep apnea induces deterioration in cardiac function overnight and (2) attenuation of sleep apnea severity by ultrafiltration (UF) attenuates this deterioration.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: American journal of nephrology
Patients with chronic kidney disease have increased morbidity and mortality, mainly due to cardiovascular disease. Compared to the general population, patients with chronic kidney disease have an incr...
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) was suggested to exert an effect on renal function. However, the specific mechanism was still unknown. We try to find the association among OSAS, adiponectin, a...
Prevalence of both chronic kidney disease (CKD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is continuously increasing. Moreover, the prevalence of OSA increases as kidney function declines and is higher among ...
Stroke and sleep apnea are highly prevalent conditions with a physiologically plausible bidirectional relationship. This review addresses prestroke sleep apnea, wake-up stroke and sleep apnea, and pos...
Mild cognitive impairment frequently represents a predementia stage of Alzheimer's disease. Although obstructive sleep apnea is increasingly recognized as a common comorbidity of mild cognitive impair...
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of renal transplantation on fluid overload and its consequence on the severity of obstructive sleep apnea, in patients with end stage...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether hemodiafiltration, a new form of hemodialysis can improve sleep apnea in patients with end stage kidney disease.
This is a research study of asthma and sleep apnea. Our hypothesis is that untreated sleep apnea causes inflammation in the lung, which can worsen asthma. We believe treatment of sleep a...
Correlation of severity of obstructive sleep apnea and function of the right ventricle by means of 2D echocardiography and cardiac MRI
To determine the effect of microfiltration, which is usually employed for reducing free water at the end of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), on post-CPB coagulation profile in patients underg...
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)
Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.
Extracorporeal ultrafiltration technique without hemodialysis for treatment of fluid overload and electrolyte disturbances affecting renal, cardiac, or pulmonary function.
Periods of sleep manifested by changes in EEG activity and certain behavioral correlates; includes Stage 1: sleep onset, drowsy sleep; Stage 2: light sleep; Stages 3 and 4: delta sleep, light sleep, deep sleep, telencephalic sleep.
Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...