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Management of the Elderly Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patient.

07:00 EST 14th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Management of the Elderly Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patient."

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is increasingly diagnosed among elderly persons (older than 60 years). Epidemiological studies show that late-onset IBD is characterized by predominance of colonic disease, milder disease course, and less frequent occurrence of extraintestinal manifestations. However, due to comorbidities, polypharmacy and reduced resistance to severe disease course elderly patients have an increased risk of mortality. Drug treatment generally follows the same algorithms as in the younger IBD patients. This is challenging for the treating physician as this population is usually underrepresented in clinical trials and treatment outcomes as well as safety data on the elderly population are scarce. Choice of drugs should consider risk of infections, skin cancer, lymphoma, and metabolic as well as cardiovascular side effects. Considering comorbidities, surgical interventions such as colectomy with ileo-anal pouch anastomosis for refractory ulcerative colitis can be performed safely provided that the anal sphincter function is adequately maintained. Special attention should be given in this age group to general health issues, including nutrition, vaccination, bone, muscle, and mental health as well as colorectal and skin cancer screening.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Digestion
ISSN: 1421-9867
Pages: 1-15

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An anti-inflammatory agent, structurally related to the SALICYLATES, which is active in INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE. It is considered to be the active moiety of SULPHASALAZINE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed)

A drug that is used in the management of inflammatory bowel diseases. Its activity is generally considered to lie in its metabolic breakdown product, 5-aminosalicylic acid (see MESALAMINE) released in the colon. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p907)

A species of Faecalbacterium, previously classified in the FUSOBACTERIUM genus, that is a major constituent of the GUT MICROBIOTA in healthy humans. It has anti-inflammatory activity and reduced numbers of this species occur in patients with INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASES such as CROHN DISEASE.

Voluntarily-formed groups of healthcare professionals who join for common management services and other benefits such as collective bargaining agreements with reimbursement agents. The physical assets of a practice are controlled by the MSO which also provides billing, collections, and similar services. The practitioner retains control of patient records and management of patient care.

Chronic, non-specific inflammation of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Etiology may be genetic or environmental. This term includes CROHN DISEASE and ULCERATIVE COLITIS.

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