Topics

Prevalence of DNA from the driver, passengers and others within a car of an exclusive driver.

07:00 EST 3rd January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Prevalence of DNA from the driver, passengers and others within a car of an exclusive driver."

Cars are often sampled for DNA to help identify occupants and their possible location(s) within the car. While DNA from the frequent driver is likely to accumulate over time, DNA from previous and/or subsequent occupants, and those whose DNA has inadvertently been transferred to the car, may also contribute to any samples collected. This study investigates how much DNA resides on various sites within cars, and who might contribute to these samples. A total of 35-36 sites, internal and external, were targeted within four cars with sole long-term drivers. In addition to the car keys, sample sites included the exterior and interior door handles (driver and passenger sides), through to the internal compartments (driver side, middle area and front passengers' side). Reference samples were collected from the exclusive drivers, their co-resident partners and, where possible, recent passengers. The driver was always observed as a contributor in DNA profiles from the driver's side and, in most instances, was the sole, major or majority contributor to the profile. The driver was also observed as a major, majority or minor contributor at several sites on the passenger side. DNA of known recent passengers, close associates of the driver and unknown individuals was collected from many sites on both the driver and passenger sides. These findings may assist in sample targeting within cars and in the evaluation of DNA evidence when propositions relate to the activities performed.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Forensic science international
ISSN: 1872-6283
Pages: 110139

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [5277 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

On measuring selection in cancer from subclonal mutation frequencies.

Recently available cancer sequencing data have revealed a complex view of the cancer genome containing a multitude of mutations, including drivers responsible for cancer progression and neutral passen...

Inferring subgroup specific driver genes from heterogeneous cancer samples via subspace learning with subgroup indication.

Detecting driver genes from gene mutation data is a fundamental task for tumorigenesis research. Due to the fact that cancer is a heterogeneous disease with various subgroups, subgroup specific driver...

LOTUS: A single- and multitask machine learning algorithm for the prediction of cancer driver genes.

Cancer driver genes, i.e., oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, are involved in the acquisition of important functions in tumors, providing a selective growth advantage, allowing uncontrolled prolife...

CDPath: Cooperative driver pathways discovery using integer linear programming and Markov clustering.

Discovering driver pathways is an essential task to understand the pathogenesis of cancer and to design precise treatments for cancer patients. Increasing evidences have been indicating that multiple ...

Estimated crash injury risk and crash characteristics for motorsport drivers.

Motorsport crash events are complex and driver restraint systems are unique to the motorsport environment. The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing, Incorporated (NASCAR®) crash and medical...

Clinical Trials [2392 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

SynCardia Freedom Driver System Study

The purposes of this study are to confirm that the Freedom Driver System is a suitable pneumatic driver for clinically stable TAH-t subjects, and that patients and lay caregivers can be t...

Michigan Driver Education Study

Teens are at high risk for traffic violations and car crashes because of their young age, lack of driving experience, and exposure to high-risk driving conditions. The Checkpoints Program...

Identification of Biomarkers to Predict Driver Take-over Control Quality

At level 3 conditionally automated, the vehicle ensures driving and the driver disengages from driving to perform another activity independent of driving (ex: read a book, play on his phon...

A Study to Explore Treatment Regimens and Clinical Outcomes of the NSCLC Patients With Different Dirver Genes

A single-center, non-interventional prospective observational study in the NSCLC patients with different driver genes

Liquid Biopsy for Detection of Driver Mutation in NSCLC

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic efficacy of liquid biopsy in different specimens and in different methods compared with tissue detection .

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Government required written and driving test given to individuals prior to obtaining an operator's license.

The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.

The probability distribution associated with two mutually exclusive outcomes; used to model cumulative incidence rates and prevalence rates. The Bernoulli distribution is a special case of binomial distribution.

Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.

Devices used to protect and restrain infant and child automotive passengers.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Bioinformatics
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...


Searches Linking to this Article