Topics

Grain size dependent distribution of different plastic types in coarse shredded mixed commercial and municipal waste.

07:00 EST 11th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Grain size dependent distribution of different plastic types in coarse shredded mixed commercial and municipal waste."

The Waste Framework Directive regulates the recycling of waste in Europe. The definition of waste is specified in different guidelines and regulations. Mixed Commercial Waste is waste from industry which is not collected separately. Currently there is little known about its composition. Mixed Municipal Waste, on the other hand, is household waste that cannot be attributed to any separately collected waste fraction (AdSLR, 2012). Both wastes are currently treated focussing on the generation of refuse-derived fuel rather than on the separation of recyclables (mainly performed for metals). The purpose of this paper is to characterise the amounts of various plastic types contained in different grain sizes of two-dimensional and three-dimensional plastics sorting fractions of both waste types. Nine types of plastics were identified as potential recycling materials for which recycling processes as well as a market are available. Both wastes were shredded, sampled and sieved into nine grain size classes (GSC). Fractions coarser than 20 mm were sorted, generating a 'plastics-2D' and a 'plastics-3D' fraction among others. The two plastics fractions were further characterised as plastic types using a near-infrared sensor and a Fourier-transform infrared spectrometer. The results reveal a potential for plastic recycling through mechanical and feedstock recycling options for the examined wastes. Certain types of plastics, of certain dimensionality, tend to come in certain grain sizes, which is essential for mechanical enrichment and discharge.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Waste management (New York, N.Y.)
ISSN: 1879-2456
Pages: 388-398

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [19126 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

On the mechanical behavior of austenitic stainless steel with nano/ultrafine grains and comparison with micrometer austenitic grains counterpart and their biological functions.

Conventional coarse-grained (CG) biomedical austenitic stainless steel with grain size in the micrometer range was subjected to a novel phase reversion concept involving severe cold deformation, follo...

Comparative study on the effect of Y content on grain refinement in the simulated coarse-grained heat-affected zone of X70 pipeline steels.

This study aims to investigate the influence of Y content on grain refinement in the simulated coarse-grained heat-affected zone (CGHAZ) of X70 pipeline steels. The results explored that two different...

Grain refinement caused by intensified cavitation within narrow channel and its improvement to ultrasonically soldered Al joint property.

In this work, grain refinement of the aluminum soldered joint was obtained by applying cavitation within narrow channels and the possible grain refinement mechanism was proposed. Aluminum sheets with ...

Wide Grain 7 increases grain width by enhancing H3K4me3 enrichment in the OsMADS1 promoter in rice (Oryza sativa L.).

Grain size is a major determinant of grain weight, a key component of grain yield of rice. Here, we identified the grain size gene WIDE GRAIN 7 (WG7) from a T-DNA insertion mutant. The grain size of W...

Impact of corn particle size on nutrient digestibility varies depending on bird type.

The interaction between bird type (broilers and layers) and corn particle size (fine, medium, and coarse) on the coefficient of apparent ileal digestibility (CAID) of DM, nitrogen (N), starch, fat, gr...

Clinical Trials [6569 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Measuring Daily Grain Intake Study

The primary objective of this study is to identify markers of daily whole grain oat and whole grain wheat intake in humans.

Measuring Single-Serving Grain Intake

The primary objective of this study is to identify markers of a single meal of whole grain oat and whole grain wheat intake in humans.

Oat Phenolics Bioavailability

A diet rich in whole grain is inversely associated with cardiovascular disease risk and this benefit could be partly attributed to the phenolic acid content of whole grains. The exact abso...

Whole Grain and Mood

The purpose of the study is to investigate, in healthy middle age subjects, effects of whole grain rye on cognitive functions, mood, and cardiovasculair risk markers

Improving Resilience With Whole Grain Wheat

This study investigates the health benefits of whole grain wheat on cardiovascular/ cardio-metabolic health, including glucose metabolism, by means of applying a mixed meal challenge. This...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Granular leukocytes with a nucleus that usually has two lobes connected by a slender thread of chromatin, and cytoplasm containing coarse, round granules that are uniform in size and stainable by eosin.

SEEDS used as a major nutritional source, most often the grain from the POACEAE family.

Granular leukocytes characterized by a relatively pale-staining, lobate nucleus and cytoplasm containing coarse dark-staining granules of variable size and stainable by basic dyes.

A hardy grain crop, rye, grown in northern climates. It is the most frequent host to ergot (CLAVICEPS), the toxic fungus. Its hybrid with TRITICUM is TRITICALE, another grain.

Voltage-dependent cell membrane glycoproteins selectively permeable to calcium ions. They are categorized as L-, T-, N-, P-, Q-, and R-types based on the activation and inactivation kinetics, ion specificity, and sensitivity to drugs and toxins. The L- and T-types are present throughout the cardiovascular and central nervous systems and the N-, P-, Q-, & R-types are located in neuronal tissue.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article