Topics

Effect of test instructions: The example of the pantomime production task.

07:00 EST 11th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Effect of test instructions: The example of the pantomime production task."

The production of pantomime is a sensible task to detect praxis deficits. It is usually assessed by presenting objects visually or by verbal command. Verbal instructions are given either by providing the name of the object (e.g., "Show me how to use a pen") or by requiring the object function (e.g., "Show me how to write"). These modes of testing are used interchangeably. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the different instructions generate different performances. Fifty-one healthy participants (17-89 years old) were assessed on three pantomime production tasks differing for the instruction given: two with verbal instructions (Pantomime by Name and Pantomime by Function) and one with the object visually presented (Pantomime by Object). Results showed that Pantomime by Function produced the poorest performance and the highest frequency of Body Parts as Tool (BPT) errors, suggesting that the way the instructions are given may determine the performance in a task. Nuances in test instructions could result in misleading outcome.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Brain and cognition
ISSN: 1090-2147
Pages: 105516

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [22569 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Forgetting Is a Feature, Not a Bug: Intentionally Forgetting Some Things Helps Us Remember Others by Freeing Up Working Memory Resources.

In the present study, we used an item-method directed-forgetting paradigm to test whether instructions to forget or remember one item affect memory for subsequently studied items. In two experiments (...

Attentional prioritization reconfigures novel instructions into action-oriented task sets.

An astonishing aspect of human cognitive flexibility concerns the ability to efficiently convert complex symbolic instructions into novel behaviors. In such ability, the rapid transformation of releva...

Does the influence of near-threshold primes depend on the type of task?

Most studies investigating the influence of primes on the processing of subsequent targets involve a main task in which responses are made to the targets, and a task that tests prime awareness. If the...

Processing head fakes in basketball: Are there ironic effects of instructions on the head-fake effect in basketball?

Instructions in sports are used to improve athletes' performance. However, instructions can also impair performance if they direct athletes' attention to a to-be-avoided behavior which paradoxically p...

The differentiated effect of the task complexity on retention and transfer of stroke survivors.

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of task complexity on the motor learning of by stroke survivors. Participants (N = 24) performed 150 trials of a simple or complex balance task d...

Clinical Trials [8245 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Dual-task Training Under Different Priority Instructions on Gait Speed in Community-dwelling Older Adults

This study evaluates the effect of different modalities of dual-task training in the improvement of gait biomechanics, postural balance, falls episodes, executive functioning and quality o...

Cognitive Function and Body Mass Index in Children and Adolescents

The child will complete computerized tasks and paper-pencil test, and will be presented with symbols, letters, or numbers on a computer screen and asked to respond by pressing a button on ...

Effect of Single-task, Dual-task and Analogy Training During Gait Rehabilitation

The study aims to examine the effect of single-task, dual-task and analogy training during gait rehabilitation on conscious motor processing propensity, balance, walking ability and fear o...

The Learning Effects of Attentional Strategy on Dual-task Walking in Patients With Parkinson's Disease: Behavioral Performance and Neural Plasticity

[year1] 1. To compare the effects of dual-task training with two different task priority instruction in people with Parkinson's disease and healthy controls on dual-task weight ...

DOuble tasK Test On ergometeR - Basic Research on Acceptability and Use

The goal of the study is to show the concordance between the dual-task test achieved usually on an electronic treadmill and the dual-task test achieved with a cyclo-ergometer.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Timed test in which the subject must read a list of words or identify colors presented with varying instructions and different degrees of distraction. (Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary. 8th ed.)

Set of instructions about how to prepare food for eating using specific instructions.

The observation and analysis of movements in a task with an emphasis on the amount of time required to perform the task.

An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.

A projective test used to evaluate a broad range of personality variables including pathology of thought and perception. The subject's responses to inkblot prints are scored along with subjective interpretation by the test administrator.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article