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Despite its prevalence and potential maternal and neonatal implications, the literature on the thickness levels of meconium stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) and its impact on neonatal outcomes is relatively outdated and relies on relatively small sample sizes.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Early human development
New psychoactive substances have been introduced into the market in the last years due to their unregulated status. Synthetic cathinones are one of their main representatives, and they have shown to p...
Prenatal exposure to maternal ethanol leads to serious physical and mental irreversible disabilities. Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) is a direct metabolite of alcohol and its measurement in neonatal meconium...
The role of the neonatal nurse practitioner (NNP) is well established in the neonatal intensive care unit. The level IV NNP is traditionally supported by large multidisciplinary teams while the level ...
Meconium is formed early in gestation and it is normally not excreted until after birth. Thus it may provide a longer and cumulative record of exposure to mercury (Hg). The present study aims to speci...
Alcohol consumption and genetic risk for Alzheimer disease (AD) are among many factors known to be associated with brain structure in cognitively healthy adults. It is unclear, however, whether the ef...
The aim of this study is to characterize the interest of concentrations in meconium of drugs used for treatment of pregnant opioid-dependent woman as a prognostic factor of time, severity ...
Helium—oxygen mixture(heliox) was suggested to be beneficial in meconium aspiration syndrome in previous studies，but the evidence was limited．The aim of the study was to assess the e...
Although the pathophysiology of meconium obstruction of prematurity (MOP) is not clear, it is known that the decrease of the intestinal peristalsis due to decreased intestinal perfusion du...
Feasibility study to randomize non-vigorous newborn infants born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid to endotracheal suctioning or immediate resuscitation.
Background: Meconium stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) complicates 3 to 14% of pregnancies, causing meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) in 5-10% of neonates born. Due to lack of evidence of ben...
Intestinal obstruction caused by congealed MECONIUM in the distal ILEUM and CECUM. It presents shortly after birth as a failure to pass meconium and frequently occurs in infants with CYSTIC FIBROSIS.
A condition caused by inhalation of MECONIUM into the LUNG of FETUS or NEWBORN, usually due to vigorous respiratory movements during difficult PARTURITION or respiratory system abnormalities. Meconium aspirate may block small airways leading to difficulties in PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE and ASPIRATION PNEUMONIA.
The highest dosage administered that does not produce toxic effects. The NOAEL will depend on how closely dosages are spaced (lowest-observed-adverse-effect level and no-observed-effect level) and the number of animals examined. The ultimate objective is usually to determine not the "safe" dosage in laboratory animals but the "safe" dosage for humans. Therefore, the extrapolation most often required of toxicologists is from high-dosage studies in laboratory animals to low doses in humans. (Casarett and Doull's Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons, 4th ed)
Establishment of the level of a quantifiable effect indicative of a biologic process. The evaluation is frequently to detect the degree of toxic or therapeutic effect.
A measurement of the thickness of the carotid artery walls. It is measured by B-mode ULTRASONOGRAPHY and is used as a surrogate marker for ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...