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Wogonin (5,7-dihydroxy-8-methoxy flavone), an active component isolated from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. Neurotoxic effects of γ irradiation have been established in humans and animals. The current study was designed to evaluate whether wogonin could restrain γ irradiation-induced neurotoxicity in rats and to explore the underlying mechanisms. Rats were divided into five groups, 10 rats each. Group 1 was orally administered distilled water and served as control. Group 2 received an oral daily dose of wogonin (30 mg/kg). Rats in group 3 were exposed to a whole-body single dose of γ-irradiation. Animals in group 4 received an oral daily dose of wogonin (30 mg/kg) for 15 days then exposed to a whole-body single dose of γ-irradiation. In group 5, rats were exposed to a whole-body single dose of γ-irradiation then were orally administered a daily dose of wogonin (30 mg/kg) for 15 days. There were significant increases in malondialdehyde (MDA), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and Interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) mRNA and protein expression. Whereas significant decreases in reduced glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) level as well as nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) mRNA and protein expression in the irradiated group when compared with the relevant control. The cerebral cortex of irradiated rats showed vacuolization and nuclear pyknosis in the neuronal cells and focal gliosis. Wogonin administration pre- or post-irradiation significantly ameliorated all these previous effects. Wogonin had antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects and ameliorated the histopathological changes in the brain.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of photochemistry and photobiology. B, Biology
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A suspension of radioactive gold particles emitting negative beta particles and gamma irradiation. It was formerly used for liver scans and irradiation treatment of some metastatic malignancies.
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The effects of ionizing and nonionizing radiation upon living organisms, organs and tissues, and their constituents, and upon physiologic processes. It includes the effect of irradiation on drugs and chemicals.
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