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In vivo toxicity evaluation of boron nitride nanosheets in Bombyx mori silkworm model.

07:00 EST 8th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "In vivo toxicity evaluation of boron nitride nanosheets in Bombyx mori silkworm model."

Boron nitride nanosheets (BN NSs), a novel material with a structure similar to graphene, have attracted much attention due to their extraordinary properties. A deep in vivo study of the toxicity of BN NSs is indispensable, which can help to understand their potential risk and provide useful information for their safe application. However, so far as we know, the systematic in vivo toxicity evaluation of BN NSs hasn't been reported. In this study, silkworm (Bombyx mori) was used as a model to investigate the toxicity of BN NSs, by continuously feeding silkworm larvae with BN NSs at various mass concentrations (1%, 2%, 3%, 4%). The toxicity was evaluated from the levels of animal entirety (mortality, silkworm growth, cocoons and silk properties), tissues (pathological examination) and genes (transcriptomic profiling). The results show that the exposure to BN NSs causes no obvious adverse effects on the growth, silk properties or tissues of silkworm, but the expressions of genes in midgut concerned with some specific functions and pathways are significantly changed, indicating that BN NSs may have potential danger to lead to dysfunction. This study has performed in vivo toxicity evaluation of BN NSs and provided useful safety information for the application of BN NSs.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Chemosphere
ISSN: 1879-1298
Pages: 125877

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A genus of silkworm MOTHS in the family Bombycidae of the order LEPIDOPTERA. The family contains a single species, Bombyx mori from the Greek for silkworm + mulberry tree (on which it feeds). A native of Asia, it is sometimes reared in this country. It has long been raised for its SILK and after centuries of domestication it probably does not exist in nature. It is used extensively in experimental GENETICS. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p519)

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Fibrous proteins secreted by INSECTS and SPIDERS. Generally, the term refers to silkworm fibroin secreted by the silk gland cells of SILKWORMS, Bombyx mori. Spider fibroins are called spidroins or dragline silk fibroins

The homologous chromosomes that are dissimilar in the heterogametic sex. There are the X CHROMOSOME, the Y CHROMOSOME, and the W, Z chromosomes (in animals in which the female is the heterogametic sex (the silkworm moth Bombyx mori, for example)). In such cases the W chromosome is the female-determining and the male is ZZ. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)

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