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Simultaneous nitrification and denitrification process using novel surface-modified suspended carriers for the treatment of real domestic wastewater.

07:00 EST 7th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Simultaneous nitrification and denitrification process using novel surface-modified suspended carriers for the treatment of real domestic wastewater."

Moving-bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) is a well-established technology for simultaneous nitrification and denitrification (SND). In MBBR, biofilm development and pollutant removal performance are strictly governed by the physico-chemical properties of the carriers. In this study, novel surface-modified carriers with enhanced hydrophilicity (surface contact angle of 60.2 ± 2.3°) and positively-charged surfaces (+11.7 ± 1.1 mV, pH 7.0) had been prepared successfully via polymer blending, and they had also been implemented in SND system for the treatment of real domestic wastewater. Results showed that accelerated startup of SND with more biomass on the carriers was observed in MBBR system filled with surface-modified carriers. At low DO level (0.6-0.8 mg L) and low C/N ratio (≤5), highly efficient organics removal and SND performance could be achieved with COD removal, TN removal and SND efficiencies of 79.3-85.7%, 62.0-75.9% and 58.5-71.8%, respectively. The efficient performance of SND in MBBR system filled with surface-modified carriers was mainly attributed to the coexistence of enriched mixtrophic nitrifiers and denitrifiers like autotrophic nitrifers (Nitrosomonas, Nitrospira, Nitrobacter), heterotrophic nitrifers (Rudaea), aerobicdenitrifiers (Dokdonella, Terrimonas), anoxic denitrifiers (Gemmobacter, Ottowia, Methyloversatilis, Thermomonas) and NO producer (Mesorhizobium).

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Chemosphere
ISSN: 1879-1298
Pages: 125831

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