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The current study explored the judgments individuals with Substance Use Disorders (SUDs) make regarding the authenticity of enjoyment smiles and masking smiles containing traces of negative emotions. Accuracy at identifying the masked negative emotions were also examined. Eye-movements were recorded to observe relationships between attentional processes and smile judgment. Additionally, the relationships between smile judgment, emotion dysregulation, and interpersonal problems were investigated. Twenty individuals with SUDs and twenty individuals matched on gender/age participated in the smile judgment task. Results indicated that individuals with SUDs were no different in their categorization of smiles. However, the results showed that individuals with SUDs were significantly more likely to report the presence of negative emotions in the expressions. They were also more often incorrect in their identification of the masked emotions. No link was observed between smile judgment and attentional processes. Emotional and interpersonal functioning were related more to the ability to distinguish smile authenticity than the ability to identify masked emotions.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Drug and alcohol dependence
Research suggests that substance use among partnered sexual minority men will be inversely associated with the quality of dyadic functioning. We tested whether dimensions of relationship functioning i...
Interpretation bias is a crucial therapeutic target in emotional disorders. However, few studies have examined the role of interpretation bias in substance use disorders (SUDs). Our specific aims were...
To provide an overview of studies on substance use and substance use disorder (SUD) in individuals with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning (MID-BIF).
This report examines the relationship between treatment response in children with ASD and parents' affective symptomatology. This study examined 29 children with ASD in a manualized group psychotherap...
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Interpersonal problems such as relationship conflict and social isolation are common among Veterans with PTSD and serve as barriers to successful posttraumatic adjustment. The main interve...
This study seeks to assess the mechanisms of change of Functional Analytic Psychotherapy (FAP). FAP is a process-outcome psychotherapy that focuses on the therapeutic relationship, providi...
The purpose of this study is to develop a new psychological therapy for a variety of different types of emotional disorders. The study will compare symptoms and functioning of clients who ...
The study aims to evaluate the level of emotional intelligence in patients diagnosed with substance use disorder and to evaluate the benefits in emotional skills after a brief intervention...
This study will test a version of cognitive behavioral therapy for generalized anxiety disorders that incorporates interpersonal and emotional processing techniques.
Disorders having the presence of physical symptoms that suggest a general medical condition but that are not fully explained by a general medical condition, by the direct effects of a substance, or by another mental disorder. The symptoms must cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning. In contrast to FACTITIOUS DISORDERS and MALINGERING, the physical symptoms are not under voluntary control. (APA, DSM-IV)
Disorders related to substance abuse, the side effects of a medication, toxin exposure, and ALCOHOL-RELATED DISORDERS.
Habitual, repeated, rapid contraction of certain muscles, resulting in stereotyped individualized actions that can be voluntarily suppressed for only brief periods. They often involve the face, vocal cords, neck, and less often the extremities. Examples include repetitive throat clearing, vocalizations, sniffing, pursing the lips, and excessive blinking. Tics tend to be aggravated by emotional stress. When frequent they may interfere with speech and INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS. Conditions which feature frequent and prominent tics as a primary manifestation of disease are referred to as TIC DISORDERS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp109-10)
A specialized residential treatment program for behavior disorders including substance abuse. It may include therapeutically planned group living and learning situations including teaching of adaptive skills to help patient functioning in the community. (From Kahn, A. P. and Fawcett, J. Encyclopedia of Mental Health, 1993, p320.)
Disturbances in the mental process related to thinking, reasoning, and judgment.