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In the present study, we aimed to evaluate effects of autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) intravenous administration on the response of B cells, BAFF, APRIL, and their receptors on the surface of B cells at 1, 6, and 12 month follow-up periods in refractory rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Thirteen patients with refractory RA received autologous MSCs. Plasma levels of BAFF and APRIL were measured employing ELISA method, followed by estimating B cell population and BAFFRs evaluation by flow cytometry technique. Gene expression of BAFF, APRIL, and their receptors on B cell surface in PBMCs was evaluated by SYBR Green real-time PCR technique. Plasma concentration of BAFF significantly decreased 1 and 6 months after the MSCT (MSCs Transplantation). Plasma concentration of APRIL significantly decreased 1 month after the MSCT. Percentages of CD19 + B cells in the PBMC population significantly decreased 12 months after the MSCT. Percentages of BR3 + CD19 + B cells and BCMA + CD19 + B cells significantly decreased at the 12th month after the MSCT. The gene expression of BAFF in the PBMC population significantly decreased during 6, and 12 months after the MSCT. The gene expression of APRIL significantly decreased on month 6 after the MSCT. The gene expression of BR3 significantly decreased during 1, 6, and 12 months after the MSCT. The MSCT seems to decrease B cells response because of the reduced production of BAFF and APRIL cytokines and decrease the expression of their receptors on the surface of B cells.
This article was published in the following journal.
The B cell activating factor (BAFF) inhibitor, belimumab, is the first biologic drug approved for the treatment of SLE, and exhibits modest, but durable, efficacy in decreasing disease flares and orga...
B-cell activating factor (BAFF) is known as a cytokine responsible for survival and activation of B cells. However, involvement of the molecule in IgG antibody production during infection remains elus...
B-cell activating factor (BAFF) plays a key role in the normal regulation of B cell development and immune response. Its abnormal expression level is accompanied by the occurrence of various autoimmun...
To determine whether SLE can develop in the absence of BAFF in a SLE-prone host.
B cell activating factor (BAFF) is associated with donor-specific antibodies (DSA) and poorer outcomes after renal transplantation (RTx). We examined the effects of anti-BAFF treatment on B cells, exp...
This project is intended to identify the routes on which BAFF and APRIL act in order to detect possible future candidates to Belimumab treatment among patients diagnosed of SLE.
Given the role of B cells in the pathophysiology of chronic graft versus host disease (GvHD), the association between elevated BAFF levels post-transplant in abnormal B-cell homeostasis an...
Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by an increase in BAFF (BLyS) levels and a resulting B cell hyperactivity. B cells are involved in the pathogenesis ...
In follow-up of the previous SynBioSe Study the present study is a randomized controlled trial to assess the potential of the new therapeutic approach in lupus nephritis patients. The hypo...
The aim of this proposal is to test if anti-BAFF antibody can restore a normal threshold of tolerance in patients in two auto-immune diseases along the RITUX-PLUS study in immune thrombocy...
A significant drop in BLOOD PRESSURE after assuming a standing position. Orthostatic hypotension is a finding, and defined as a 20-mm Hg decrease in systolic pressure or a 10-mm Hg decrease in diastolic pressure 3 minutes after the person has risen from supine to standing. Symptoms generally include DIZZINESS, blurred vision, and SYNCOPE.
The decrease in neuronal activity (related to a decrease in metabolic demand) extending from the site of cortical stimulation. It is believed to be responsible for the decrease in cerebral blood flow that accompanies the aura of MIGRAINE WITH AURA. (Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary, 8th ed.)
A family of G-protein-coupled receptors that share significant homology with GLUCAGON RECEPTORS. They bind PITUITARY ADENYLATE CYCLASE ACTIVATING POLYPEPTIDE with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes that influence the behavior of CELLS.
A 6.6-kDa protein component of VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS; INTERMEDIATE-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS; and HIGH-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS. Apo C-I displaces APO E from lipoproteins, modulate their binding to receptors (RECEPTORS, LDL), and thereby decrease their clearance from plasma. Elevated Apo C-I levels are associated with HYPERLIPOPROTEINEMIA and ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
Cells that can develop into distinct mesenchymal tissue such as BONE; TENDONS; MUSCLES; ADIPOSE TISSUE; CARTILAGE; NERVE TISSUE; and BLOOD and BLOOD VESSELS.
Track and monitor developments in stem cell research and commercial development. Follow the tabs above to read the latest global news, research, clinical trials on stem cells and follow companies active in the stem cell industry. BioPort...
Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the patient's own body, for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or absent organ. The emerging field of regenerative ...