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Acrididae family is characterized by diverse phylogenetic uncertainties, with different paraphyletic subfamilies. This study characterized the mitogenome of the grasshopper Rhammatocerus brasiliensis and determined its phylogenetic position in the family Acridadae. Sequencing was performed on an Illumina platform. The Short Oligonucleotide Analysis Package (SOAP) was used for genome assembly and the MITOS Web Server for annotation. Phylogenetic analysis was performed using mtDNA nucleic acid and protein sequences of R. brasiliensis and more 63 species belonging to 12 subfamilies of Acridadae. Phylogenetic trees were reconstructed using Bayesian inference with a relaxed molecular clock to estimate the speciation divergence time between taxa. The mitochondrial genome of R. brasiliensis has 15,571 bp of length, is rich in AT (72%), and contains 37 genes, including 13 protein-encoding genes, 22 genes encoding transfer RNA and two genes encoding ribosomal RNA. In addition, we also have annotated intergenic spacers and gene overlaps. The phylogenetic trees based on nucleic acid and amino acid sequences showed similar topologies. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that R. brasiliensis is grouped as an early offset of the Acrididae family. Phylogenetic analyses also corroborated the presence of several paraphyletic subfamilies in the family Acrididae including Gomphocerinae. The positioning of R. brasiliensis in the mtDNA phylogenetic tree further supports paraphyly of this subfamily. Moreover, the basal position of R. brasiliensis suggests that Gomphocerinae probably originated in South America.
This article was published in the following journal.
The mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) can provide information for phylogenetic analysis and evolutionary biology. Here, we determined the complete mitogenome sequence of Sinna extrema (Noctuoidea: Nol...
Phylogenetic tree using mitochondrial genes and nuclear genes have long been used for augmenting biological classification and understanding evolutionary processes in different lineage of life. But a ...
The Macroheterocera clade contains most of the Lepidoptera species. However, extensive comparative and phylogenetic analyses of this group using complete mitochondrial genomes (mitogenome) are limited...
Chagas disease is caused by the Trypanosoma cruzi and transmitted mainly by triatomines. Triatoma is a paraphyletic group and the species of this genus are grouped into complexes and subcomplexes. Mor...
Grapsoidea and Ocypodoidea, two of the most abundant and economically important groups in Brachyura, are of great commercial value to fisheries and aquaculture. However, the taxonomy of Ocypodoidea an...
Bipolar disorder is a chronic and frequent mood pathology, that impacts on emotional and socio-professional life of sick subjects, and also increase mortality by suicide. Suicide is consid...
Little data is currently available on the type of pathogen responsible for respiratory infections following drowning. Many environmental germs present in seawater are described as difficul...
The goal of this research is to find out possible susceptible gene(s) in schizophrenic patients with family history and 5-year period functional changes of brain among the members of famil...
OBJECTIVES: I. Characterize enzyme defects in patients with known or suspected porphyria and their family members. II. Determine whether selected patients are eligible for other porphyr...
This is a cross-sectional, non-interventional study, consisting of three study arms, (1) Full Characterization (AIMS-Full), (2) Surgery Arm (AIMS-OR), and (3) Mucus Collection (AIMS-M). Pa...
A mycosis affecting the skin, mucous membranes, lymph nodes, and internal organs. It is caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. It is also called paracoccidioidal granuloma. Superficial resemblance of P. brasiliensis to Blastomyces brasiliensis (BLASTOMYCES) may cause misdiagnosis.
A mitosporic fungal genus. P. brasiliensis (previously Blastomyces brasiliensis) is the etiologic agent of PARACOCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS.
A species of migratory Old World locusts, in the family ACRIDIDAE, that are important pests in Africa and Asia.
A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE, order Euphorbiales, subclass Rosidae. Commercial natural RUBBER is mainly obtained from Hevea brasiliensis but also from some other plants.
A method of chemical analysis based on the detection of characteristic radionuclides following a nuclear bombardment. It is also known as radioactivity analysis. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. During DNA sequencing, the bases of a small fragment of DNA are sequentially identified from signals emitted as each fragment is re-synthesized from a ...
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...