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Target-specific micronucleus induction by colon carcinogens: 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo4,5-bpyridine and 1,2-dimethyl-hydrazine.

07:00 EST 11th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Target-specific micronucleus induction by colon carcinogens: 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo4,5-bpyridine and 1,2-dimethyl-hydrazine."

Genotoxicity occurring at the target organs of carcinogenesis is important for understanding the mechanisms of chemical carcinogenicity and also for setting of threshold estimation. In vivo gene mutations have been evaluated by transgenic animal models in which any organ can be targeted; however, the methodologies that have been applied to assess chromosomal aberrations including micronucleus induction, are organ restricted, (often to bone marrow hematopoietic cells, as a common example). For food and food-related chemicals, the digestive tract is the important target organ as it is the organ of first contact. In the present study, we used 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) and 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) as model chemicals of carcinogens primarily targeting the colon. We evaluated the applicability of colon cells and hepatocytes, together with bone marrow cells, in the micronucleus assay. Both model chemicals induced micronuclei in the colon, which is the target organ of these carcinogens, after short- and long-term treatment(s). The results demonstrate the target specificity of micronucleus induction and the assay using organs other than bone marrow will play an important role in understanding the mechanism of carcinogenicity and predicting new carcinogenic agents.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP
ISSN: 1096-0295
Pages: 104578

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