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Compositional Framework for Multitask Learning in the Identification of Cleavage Sites of HIV-1 protease.

07:00 EST 11th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Compositional Framework for Multitask Learning in the Identification of Cleavage Sites of HIV-1 protease."

Inadequate patient samples and costly annotated data generations result into the smaller dataset in the biomedical domain. Due to which the predictions with a trained model that usually reveal a single small dataset association are fail to derive robust insights. To cope with the data sparsity, a promising strategy of combining data from the different related tasks is exercised in various application. Motivated by, successful work in the various bioinformatics application, we propose a multitask learning model based on multi-kernel that exploits the dependencies among various related tasks. This work aims to combine the knowledge from experimental studies of the different dataset to build stronger predictive models for HIV-1 protease cleavage sites prediction. In this study, a set of peptide data from one source is referred as 'task' and to integrate interactions from multiple tasks; our method exploits the common features and parameters sharing across the data source. The proposed framework uses feature integration, feature selection, multi-kernel and multifactorial evolutionary algorithm to model multitask learning. The framework considered seven different feature descriptors and four different kernel variants of support vector machines to form the optimal multi-kernel learning model. To validate the effectiveness of the model, the performance parameters such as average accuracy, and area under curve have been evaluated on the suggested model. We also carried out Friedman and post hoc statistical test to substantiate the significant improvement achieved by the proposed framework. The result obtained following the extensive experiment confirms the belief that multitask learning in cleavage site identification can improve the performance.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of biomedical informatics
ISSN: 1532-0480
Pages: 103376

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Enzyme of the human immunodeficiency virus that is required for post-translational cleavage of gag and gag-pol precursor polyproteins into functional products needed for viral assembly. HIV protease is an aspartic protease encoded by the amino terminus of the pol gene.

Process in which individuals take the initiative, in diagnosing their learning needs, formulating learning goals, identifying resources for learning, choosing and implementing learning strategies and evaluating learning outcomes (Knowles, 1975)

An HIV protease inhibitor which acts as an analog of an HIV protease cleavage site. It is a highly specific inhibitor of HIV-1 and HIV-2 proteases.

One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.

An enzyme which catalyzes the endonucleolytic cleavage of phosphodiester bonds at purinic or apyrimidinic sites (AP-sites) to produce 5'-Phosphooligonucleotide end products. The enzyme prefers single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) and was formerly classified as EC 3.1.4.30.

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