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Apart from being a conduit for photoassimilate transport in plants, the phloem serves as a pathway for transport of proteins and RNAs from sites of their synthesis to distant plant parts. As demonstrated for mRNAs and small RNAs such as miRNA and siRNA, their phloem transport is largely involved in responses to environmental cues including stresses and pathogen attacks. RNA molecules are believed to be transported in the phloem in the form of complexes with RNA-binding proteins; however, proteins forming such complexes are generally poorly studied. Here, we demonstrate that the Cucurbita maxima phloem serpin-1 (CmPS1), which has been previously described as a functional protease inhibitor capable of long-distance transport via the phloem, is able to bind RNA in vitro. Among different RNAs tested, CmPS1 exhibits a preference for imperfect RNA duplexes and the highest affinity to tRNA. A characteristic complex formed by CmPS1 with tRNA is not observed upon CmPS1 binding to tRNA-like structures of plant viruses. Mutational analysis demonstrates that the CmPS1 N-terminal region is not involved in RNA binding. Since antithrombin-III, the human protease inhibitor of serpin family most closely sequence-related to CmPS1, is found to be unable to bind RNA, one can suggest that, in its evolution, CmPS1 has gained the RNA binding capability as an additional function likely relevant to its specific activities in the plant phloem.
This article was published in the following journal.
Grafting has been widely applied to melon (Cucumis melo L.) production to alleviate obstacles of continuous cropping and control soil-borne diseases. However, grafting often leads to a decline of frui...
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A network of serine proteases (SPs) and their non-catalytic homologs (SPHs) activates prophenoloxidase (proPO), Toll pathway, and other insect immune responses. However, integration and conservation o...
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This study is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 1 Clinical Trial of 24 healthy individuals to test the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of a single subcutaneous...
To evaluate the correlation between SERPIN D1 expression in clinical specimen (including surgical specimen and blood sample) and lung cancer metastasis.
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In vitro sperm selection for ICSI is important as it has a direct influence on the paternal contribution of preimplantation embryogenesis. Various laboratory tests were developed to assess...
This protocol is for a number of in vitro studies using human surgical biopsies and evaluating the pharmacology and genetics of human nociceptors ("pain detecting") neurons
Plant tissue that carries nutrients, especially sucrose, by turgor pressure. Movement is bidirectional, in contrast to XYLEM where it is only upward. Phloem originates and grows outwards from meristematic cells (MERISTEM) in the vascular cambium. P-proteins, a type of LECTINS, are characteristically found in phloem.
Sensitive method for detection of bacterial endotoxins and endotoxin-like substances that depends on the in vitro gelation of Limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL), prepared from the circulating blood (amebocytes) of the horseshoe crab, by the endotoxin or related compound. Used for detection of endotoxin in body fluids and parenteral pharmaceuticals.
EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.
A protease nexin and serpin subtype that is specific for several SERINE PROTEASES including UROKINASE; THROMBIN; TRYPSIN; and PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATORS.
Studies using excised tissues.
A microRNA (abbreviated miRNA) is a small non-coding RNA molecule (containing about 22 nucleotides) found in plants, animals, and some viruses. Key findings: miRNA is involved in the normal functioning of eukaryotic cells, so has dysregulation...