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White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV) infecting shrimp is an enveloped double-stranded DNA virus. The WSSV is a member of the genus Whispovirus. The envelope protein VP28 is the most investigated protein of WSSV. In the present study, the epitope mapping of the monoclonal antibody (MAb) C-33 was carried out. Based on the epitope mapping results, an antigen-antibody interaction model was derived. Peptide scanning and confirmation of epitopes of MAb C-33 were carried out using the sequence data. The MAb was reactive to the epitope of both recombinant VP28 and the whole virus. The results of the study indicated the presence of an epitope region. The epitope region is found positioned within two peptides, covering 13 amino acids. Framework and CDR (complementarity determining regions) regions of heavy and light chain (VH & VL) sequences showed identity to germline immunoglobulin sequences. The Web Antibody Modelling (WAM) selected for further evaluation based on a comparative analysis of WAM and Rosetta server-generated models of the Fv region. The docking study using WAM generated model revealed that the residues from LEU 98 to GLY105 are active in antibody binding. The findings of this study could form a structural basis for further research in VP28 based diagnostics and therapeutics or vaccine discovery.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Molecular and cellular probes
White spot disease caused by white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is responsible for harming shrimp aquaculture industry and results in a pandemic throughout the world. Cathelicidin 5 treatment enhanced i...
This study aimed to assess the effect of oral administration of Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942 harboring vp19, vp28, and vp(19 + 28)against infection by white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) on juveniles of ...
In this study, two aspects of the ultrastructure of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) were identified: (i) The virus nucleocapsids were disassembled, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) image an...
White shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei are widely cultured in the world and white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) led to huge economic losses in the shrimp industry every year. In the present study, miRNAs invo...
VP19 is a major envelope protein of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), an important pathogen of farmed shrimp. However, the exact function of VP19 in WSSV assembly and infection is unknown. To understa...
During re-mineralization of white spot lesion, Will biomimetic self-assembling peptides improve the re-mineralizating effect of the post orthodontic white spot lesion compared to fluoride-...
The current study aimed to determine if MI Varnish has an effect in preventing the formation of white spot lesions for patients undergoing orthodontic treatment. 33 subjects were prospecti...
to remineralize the white spot caries lesions after orthodontic treatment , the investigator will use two different materials ( Clinpro tooth creme versus Gc tooth mousse) and will compare...
The purpose of the study is to determine if Clinpro™ 5000, Clinpro™ Tooth Crème, or MI-Paste Plus has an effect on the formation and resolution of white spot lesions for patients unde...
The aim of this study is to evaluate the remineralization potential of pearl powder on early ('white spot') lesions in enamel in orthodontic patients compared to casein phosphopeptide-amor...
Methods used for studying the interactions of antibodies with specific regions of protein antigens. Important applications of epitope mapping are found within the area of immunochemistry.
A species of DNA virus, in the genus WHISPOVIRUS, infecting PENAEID SHRIMP.
A chronic inflammatory mucocutaneous disease usually affecting the female genitalia (VULVAR LICHEN SCLEROSUS) and BALANITIS XEROTICA OBLITERANS in males. It is also called white spot disease and Csillag's disease.
Infections with viruses of the genus HANTAVIRUS. This is associated with at least four clinical syndromes: HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME caused by viruses of the Hantaan group; a milder form of HFRS caused by SEOUL VIRUS; nephropathia epidemica caused by PUUMALA VIRUS; and HANTAVIRUS PULMONARY SYNDROME caused by SIN NOMBRE VIRUS.
A disorder of cognition characterized by the tetrad of finger agnosia, dysgraphia, dyscalculia, and right-left disorientation. The syndrome may be developmental or acquired. Acquired Gerstmann syndrome is associated with lesions in the dominant (usually left) PARIETAL LOBE which involve the angular gyrus or subjacent white matter. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p457)
An antibody is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals. Antibodies may be produc...
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...